The big Android update from 2019 should be a special one – it will be the tenth full version of the world's most widely used operating system. The upcoming release, known as Android 10 (codenamed Android Q), has already leaked out and gives us a good idea of what to expect. It's not a dramatic visual change, but there are a lot of good things to look forward to.
Google recently started referring to Android versions without the usual "dot-0" suffix, so that Android 10 is simply expected to be called "ten". As for the dessert code name, there are not many options that start with the letter Q (Qurabiya? Quindim?), But a sponsored name like Android Quik is not out of the question.
Although we do not know much As for the name or the nickname, we know a great deal about the actual update itself, thanks to the XDA people getting their hands on a leaked build of the upcoming release. There are improvements to privacy, a new Dark Mode, and even the chance for important system updates to be pushed through the Google Play Store. So there is much to discover.
System-Wide Dark Mode (Finally!)
Back in 2017, before Android Pie was released, an Android user asked Google about implementing a system-wide Dark mode in Android. Their reasoning was that with the advent of OLED panels in smartphones, this feature was an easy way to improve battery life. To the surprise of all, a Googler responded:
Our engineering team added this feature. It will be available in a future Android version.
Later that day, Google killed the hype by noting that the dark "added" mode was actually a toggle in the developer options that changed the look of Quick Settings, the Power menu, the app Drawer (using Pixel Launcher) and apps developed by Google that implement a dark theme such as news, YouTube and phone.
Needless to say that this was a bit lower. But the hype is back in order when Android Police discovered the following message in a Chromium Bug Tracker:
The Dark Mode is a Proven Q-Function … The Q-Team wants to make sure that all pre-installed apps use the Dark Natively support mode. In order to successfully deliver the Dark Mode, all UI elements must be ideally darkened by May 2019.
At the time, we were cautiously optimistic when the comment was returned on October 31, 2018 and could have been abandoned when Android 10 (Q) hit the market. Thanks to a leaked build that XDA received, we can now confirm that it is here. The Dark Mode is finally here!
Under "Settings" in the "Show" menu, you can enable, disable or enable a system-wide, dark theme by selecting "Set Dark Mode". Automatically turn it on based on the time of day (very similar the dark mode we got in Android 9).
There are two main differences between the Android 10 dark mode and the half baked version in Android 9. First, all system apps go dark, unlike the Android 9 version, which only works in selected Google apps. Second, with an additional setting in Developer Options, third-party apps may even appear dark. This will essentially only invert colors in third-party apps, so it may not be perfect in some apps, but it will ensure that every app on your phone goes dark when the dark mode is on.
. 2 No More Back Button
With Android 9 Pie, Google killed the traditional three-button navigation system that has been around for years on Android. These buttons were partially replaced with gesture controls, reducing the total buttons to two: a back button and the pill that replaced the Home and Recent Apps buttons.
This change happened at about the same time as iOS's gesture controls and of course the Internet compared the two with most reviewers who described the iOS version as superior. It appears that Google heard this, because may change the navigation buttons again, according to XDA.
According to XDA, Google may remove the back button in Android 10 and instead replace it with a swipe to the left of the pill. In addition, Google seems to be changing the transition animation when cycling apps, making it much quieter in the overview mode or when returning to previous apps by swiping with the pills icon.
. 3 APEX (System Updates through the Play Store?)
Imagine you do not have to wait for a wireless service provider or the manufacturer of your phone to publish an OTA update before you can access the latest Android features. Instead, much of these updates would come directly from Google as they became available, for example, by simply updating the app in the Play Store.
According to XDA, an extension of APEX ("application express"). ) in Android 10 could lead to such a scenario. At the very least, it seems Google is changing the way libraries are updated in the new version. Libraries are precompiled code to which other programs, e.g. Android apps. In previous versions of Android, these libraries needed a software update to be updated.
With Android 10, these libraries can now be updated like an app. While the full implications of this change are still unknown, it seems superficial that this could mean that much of the system updates could be loaded into the Play Store. In a perfect world, this would mean that most of the Android updates would be available almost immediately to all users.
. 4 Boot GSIs without Unlocking the Boot Loader
Project Treble helped provide faster Android updates for non-pixel devices. Another benefit of this change was that developers can flash Generic System Images (GSIs) on any Project Treble-enabled device to get the latest Android version and test how their apps work. However, this required an unlocked boot loader, which is not possible on some phones (as with many phones with carrier brand).
According to XDA Android 10 will launch a new project called "Dynamic Android". This allows developers to temporarily install a GSI on a device without having to unlock the bootloader. Developers no longer need an emulator to get the latest software update and to test how the latest software update affects their app. Instead, they can test it on their device whether the boot loader is unlocked or not.
This has obvious implications – this feature could be of great benefit to the custom ROM community if Google implements it in a way that regular users can take advantage of the feature. If you probably need a device included with Android 10, imagine a future in which you can boot LineageOS as a dynamic Android GSI without having to unlock the bootloader on your phone.
. 5 No more Android Beam
If I asked you if you remembered the last time you used Android Beam, would you remember? It seems that this could be the case for many Android users, which would explain why Google could get rid of it in Android 10.
XDA has committed itself in AOSP to reject the Android Beam API in Android 10 was much more useful on first launch, since a lot has changed. The ability to easily share large files through file-sharing apps or Bluetooth has limited its use, and it seems (though we're not sure) that Google thinks it's no longer needed.
While Google removes the feature, it's removed It's up to the manufacturers to decide if they want to keep Android Beam or not. When OEMs add support for NFC, they also need to explain support for Android Beam. How many OEMs continue to support this feature is an assumption for everyone, but it seems that the end of the day is coming for Android Beam.
6. Digital Wellbeing in Chrome
Digital Wellbeing, the new hub launched with Android 9 Pie to protect itself from your phone, could be given a new home in Android 10. According to AndroidHeadlines, Digital Wellbeing was found in the Chrome browser. No, the feature does not move. Instead, the same app limits and tracking can now be applied to your web browsing. This feature also resolves a workaround where your Instagram usage for the day has expired and you use the browser to continue using the social media platform.
. 7 Better Permissions Management
Once again, Google continues its efforts to protect its Android 10 users from malicious apps and malware. Based on an XDA-determined leak, Android 10 will include more control over permissions. Now you can set apps to access specific sensors and permissions only during active use. For example, you can give Google Maps permission to access your location while the app is open, but lock location permission when Google Maps is closed.
The individual permissions information page has also been redesigned to make it more understandable to casual users. Android 10 is based on the look of the Digitial Wellbeing app. So you can easily see which apps have access to a permission and which you have rejected. It also lists which permission is most frequently requested and which permission is most commonly used so that you can make an informed decision about how to use sensors from apps installed on your phone.
. 8 New Privacy Indicators
Just as Android 9 has made a significant effort to improve the privacy and security of its users based on a run-through build by XDA, Android 10 is following in its footsteps.
Whenever an App When you actively use your GPS device, camera, or microphone, an icon will appear in the status bar to inform you. When you tap the notification, you'll see a pop-up with a list of all apps currently using the sensor, including a button that takes you to a new page with more information. This is something new for mobile operating systems and shows how committed Google is to protecting its users from the dangers of the Web.
. 9 New & # 39; Sensor Off & # 39; Toggle
Android 10 also includes a new tile for the Sensors off setting. According to XDA, this tile seems to disable all radios and enable airplane mode.
XDA speculates that this may also switch off sensors such as accelerometers, gyroscopes, and other sensors. If this turns out to be true, this would be one of the first times that a mobile phone has made this access available, which could help alleviate the fears of those with the most privacy.
10th Block Blocking the Background of the Clipboard
One of the many benefits of rooting (19459036) is the ability to better manage access to apps. For example, you do not know, but any Android app can read and change your clipboard. Currently, you can only modify this action with apps like AppOpps, a framework that lets you manage these hidden permissions.
Android 10 finally changes this default permission. According to XDA, the new version limits what apps can read in the clipboard in the background. While this change is not as significant as it was three years ago when the AutoFill API did not exist (meaning that you probably used the clipboard to store your temporary logon password on accounts), it does improve protection for Users and continues Google's commitment to improving the privacy and security of its platform.
Android stores data in either its internal memory or on external storage (microSD cards and USB drives). If apps have permission to access the external storage, they can currently read and write any files. This setup can be misused because apps can use this capability to access data they do not need access to.
Android 10 changes this by introducing new permissions. According to XDA, Android Q now lets you grant or deny the following permissions to apps: the ability to read locations of your media, access music files, access photos, and access videos.
For apps that already use the Possibility for external storage is limited to read permissions, not just read and write.
In Android 8.0 Oreo and 9.0 Pie, Google has taken significant steps to restrict the access of apps to your location in the background. This change was designed to prevent malicious apps from tracking the location of a phone without the users knowing it.
However, this change did harm to intentional apps because it prevented them from mapping their location in the background. Instead, they had to wait for the user to open the app, then determine their position and hinder the experience.
In Android 10, Google is revising this policy again. According to XDA, apps can capture your location in the background again. However, users are better warned thanks to the improved permissions system, which tells you when "an app always has access to the location, even if you're not using the app" and can change this setting.  13. RCS messaging for third-party apps (Update: May not)
RCS or Rich Communication Services were introduced slowly. This is mainly due to the number of independent components that need to make changes to their part of the chain for RCS messaging to work outside of their network.
In addition to the interoperability with Jibe Cloud and its work on the universal profile of Google has contributed to Android by supporting the new messaging service in Android Messages. Unfortunately, this is one of the few apps that supports this feature.
According to XDA, Android will include 10 APIs to open the new standard for third-party developers. This means your favorite SMS app will soon be able to include the RCM iMessage-style messaging services. This will also help RCS replace SMS and MMS and the text messaging standard. These APIs are still at an early stage, but a developer has commented on a code he intended to implement the RCS API in Android 10.
Updated February 22, 2019
It appears that Google may revise this change, according to 9to5Google, a commit called "Hide RcsMessageStoreAPI" was found containing the new RCS API, The change is also accompanied by a message that reads:
This feature was hallmarked by Android Q
If this turns out to be true, we must may be waiting for Android R or S. RCS messaging can be accessed in addition to Android messages from any other app, which is a disappointment with third-party support eter apps, the acceptance of this improved messaging standard would be higher.
fourteenth Desktop mode?
We've seen that both Samsung and Huawei have the ability to use Android with a dock or cable like a desktop, but it looks like they are not alone for long. XDA found a "Force Desktop Mode" setting in the developer options in Android 10. The description is "Force experimental desktop mode on secondary displays". XDA could not test this feature, but due to the description, Android seems to get the native support for the desktop mode.
15th New accessibility options
XDA also reports that Android 10 has made some accessibility changes. The Accessibility menu contains two new options: Time to Intervene and Time to Read. The former seems to manage the duration of snack bar messages, giving you more time to see and interact with them.
"Time to read" controls the duration of "heads-up" notifications and other messages that "prompt you to intervene but are only temporarily visible." Similar to snack bars, these can be up to two Minutes so you have the time to interact with them.
sixteenth Small Changes to the Environment Display
The Always Active feature has been slightly changed in Android 10. According to XDA, the setting from "Environment Display" has been moved to "Lock Display". 19659002] Visually, the battery and notification icons no longer appear below the time and date. Instead, they appear in the corresponding corners of the status bar, similar to unlocking the phone. There is also a feature flag that shows your current wallpaper on the always-on display.
17th Carriers Can Exclude Mobile Phones
According to 9to5Google, four commits have been posted that limit the ability of carriers to restrict devices. In Android 10, network operators can now create a whitelist and a blacklist of cell phones for their networks, making it difficult to use certain unlocked phones with their mobile service.
There are also new compulsions that relate to two levels -SIM phones. With Android 10 devices, network operators can restrict activation of the second SIM slot until an approved SIM card is in the first slot. This restriction also applies after restarting the phone or when performing a factory reset.
18th Support for Secure Face Unlock
Face recognition has become a popular biometrics for smartphones. Apple's iPhone X was the first mobile phone to combine multiple sensors, including a point projector and IR emitters, to create a method that was both safe and fast. For most technologies in the smartphone industry, competition has rapidly replicated, creating less secure methods (like OnePlus phones) as well as nearly identical copies of Huawei and Xiaomi.
The Android operating system does not work. There is native support for facial recognition biometrics, and as a result, the safer iterations had to work with Google to adapt to Android, making them less efficient than they could be.
However, according to XDA, this seems to be the case The next version of Android will add native support. In APK for the framework res of Android 10, rows were found that described an error message when a device was missing facial recognition hardware. But even more interesting were the lines of code in which the device of face recognition was discussed. Similar to the fingerprint scanner, these describe the need to set a password, PIN or pattern as a backup. This suggests that the system is adopting a form of biometrics that Google considers trustworthy and can be used anywhere a fingerprint has been created (pending developers add support to their apps).
19th Built-in Video Recorder
According to 9to5Google, Android 10 will add a built-in screen recorder that complements the built-in screenshot feature of the operating system. As with the screenshot feature, this is a big win for privacy as paperless apps were a breeding ground for malware. When masquerading as a screenwriting app, malicious developers used these apps to record your screen in the background and use that information for financial incentives. With a built-in video recorder, you no longer need to trust third-party apps.
20th Emergency button
The power menu receives a new emergency call button. According to 9to5Google, Android 10 will add a new button that will launch the Emergency Dialer. In this way, you can quickly call 911 or other emergency services while in distress.
21st Support for WPA3
Wi-Fi standards and versions can be confusing. There are versions that were previously lettered (for example, 802.11ac) and are now identified by numbers (such as Wi-Fi 6) that indicate the speed and performance of the wireless connection. Then there are security standards (such as WPA2) that indicate what type of protection is available to prevent hackers from accessing your network or Internet connection. The latter is supported by Android in Android 10.
The latest security standard is WPA3, providing significantly improved security for Wi-Fi. WPA3 introduces Simultaneous Authentication of Equals (SAE), which replaces the pre-shared key of WP2. SAE is a new way for your router to determine if your phone can access your network. Until 2016, the pre-shared key was considered safe until the key re-installation attacks (KRACK) were discovered. This made WPA2-based Wi-Fi networks vulnerable (although a fix was later sent in the form of a security patch).  WP3 also supports 192-bit encryption over 128-bit encryption in WPA2. This is an optional feature, but it can bring tremendous benefits to schools and organizations that need the most protection. WPA3 also makes open Wi-Fi networks more secure by using "individual data encryption" even in an open Wi-Fi network.
With 5G just around the corner, Android must prepare for the coming wave of 5G-powered devices and networks. There is currently no indication of when your phone is using a 5G network. 9to5Google has detected both 5G and 5G + ads in the Android 10 code, so this is no longer a problem.
23rd New system for fonts, accent colors and icon shapes
Android 10 includes a number of overlay categories to change the appearance of apps and system-surface elements. These categories include fonts, accent colors, and icon shapes. The most interesting of the group are the shapes of the icons. These can now be changed everywhere – not just the app drawer and home screen. Icon shapes also change the look of tiles with Quick Set. Unfortunately, it is very likely that these features will only be available to OEMs to customize their skins without creating a custom UI framework, though users may be able to enable these changes with root.
We will continue to update this article new changes will be announced. What do you think so far about Android 10? Are you looking forward to the new update? Let us know in the comments section.
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