The important Android update from 2019 is a special update – it is the tenth full version of the world's most widely used operating system. The upcoming version, known as Android 10 (codenamed Android Q), was released as a beta release and we're starting to dig. Although it is not a dramatic visual change, there are a lot of good things I am looking forward to.
Recently, Google has referred to Android versions without the usual "dot-0" suffix. So we expect Android 10 to be called simply "ten". As for the dessert code name, there are not many options that start with the letter Q (Qurabiya? Quindim?), But a sponsored name like Android Quik is not out of the question.
Although we do not know much About the name or nickname we got the Developer Preview 1
. 1 System-Wide Dark Mode (Finally!)
Back in 2017, before Android Pie was released, an Android user asked Google about implementing a system-wide Dark mode in Android. Their reasoning was that with the advent of OLED panels in smartphones, this feature was an easy way to improve battery life. To the surprise of all, a Googler responded:
Our engineering team added this feature. It will be available in a future Android version.
Later that day, Google added to the hype by noting that the dark mode was actually a switcher in the developer options that changed the look of quick settings, the power menu, the app drawer (using Pixel Launcher) and apps developed by Google that implement a dark theme, such as: News, YouTube and phone.
At that time, we were cautiously optimistic. However, with Android 10 Q in hand, we can confirm that Dark Mode is finally here!
In the final version, the setting should be under "Display" in Preferences. Here's the new "Set Dark Mode" option, which includes three settings, turn on Dark mode, turn off Dark mode, or switch automatically depending on the time of day (much like the Dark mode we came in) Android 9 ).
There is one key difference between the Android 10-Dark mode and the half-baked version in Android 9: all system apps go dark, unlike the Android 9 version, which only works in selected Google apps.  However, the first Build Developer Preview build does not yet have the "Set Dark Mode" option. Instead, users who update Android 9 with half back-dark mode enabled will get dark mode while others will be in light mode. There is an ADB command to set it manually, but we expect this to change to an option for the user when Android 10 is officially released.
. 2 APEX (System Updates through the Play Store?)
Imagine you do not have to wait for a wireless service provider or the manufacturer of your phone to publish an OTA update before you can access the latest Android features. Instead, much of these updates would come directly from Google as they became available, for example, by simply updating the app in the Play Store.
According to XDA, an extension of APEX ("application express"). ) in Android 10 could lead to such a scenario. At least, it seems Google is changing the way libraries are updated in the new version. Libraries are precompiled code to which other programs, e.g. Android apps. In previous versions of Android, these libraries needed a software update to be updated.
With Android 10, these libraries can now be updated like an app. While the full implications of this change are still unknown, it seems superficial that this could mean that much of the system updates could be loaded into the Play Store. In a perfect world, this would mean that most of the Android updates would be available almost immediately to all users.
. 3 Foldable Phone Support
This year, several foldable phones have already been announced, with rumors of some more before the year ends. For each of these phones Android is used, which currently does not natively support this new form factor.
Android 10 has built-in support for leaflets and the variety of orientations it can appear in. Therefore, despite the different possibilities of Huawei, Samsung, and Xiaomi has implemented a flexible display, with which the operating system can work, which in any case provides a seamless experience.
Project Treble helped provide faster Android updates for non-pixel devices. Another benefit of this change was that developers can flash Generic System Images (GSIs) on any Project Treble-enabled device to get the latest Android version and test how their apps work. However, this required an unlocked boot loader, which is not possible on some phones (as with many phones with carrier brand).
According to XDA Android 10 will launch a new project called "Dynamic Android". This allows developers to temporarily install a GSI on a device without having to unlock the bootloader. Developers no longer need an emulator to get the latest software update and to test how the latest software update affects their app. Instead, they can test it on their device whether the boot loader is unlocked or not.
This has obvious implications – this feature could be of great benefit to the custom ROM community if Google implements it in a way that ordinary users can use the feature. If you probably need a device included with Android 10, imagine a future in which you can launch LineageOS as a dynamic Android GSI without having to unlock the bootloader on your phone.
. 5 No more Android Beam
If I asked you if you remembered the last time you used Android Beam? It seems that this could be the case for many Android users, which would explain why Google seems to get rid of it in Android 10.
In the first developer preview of Android 10, this feature was removed from Google. While the feature was much more useful on first boot, many things have changed since then. The ability to easily share large files with file sharing apps or Bluetooth has limited its use, and it seems (though we're not sure) that Google does not think it's needed anymore.
While Google removes that, you still leave it to manufacturers to decide if they want to keep Android Beam or not. When OEMs add support for NFC, they also need to explain support for Android Beam. How many OEMs continue to support this feature is an assumption for everyone, but it seems that the end of the day is coming for Android Beam.
6. Digital Wellbeing in Chrome
Digital Wellbeing, the new hub launched with Android 9 Pie to protect itself from your phone, could get a new home in Android 10. According to AndroidHeadlines, Digital Wellbeing was found in the Chrome browser. No, the feature does not move. Instead, the same app limits and tracking can now be applied to your web browsing. This feature also eliminates a workaround where your Instagram usage for the day has expired and you use the browser to continue using the social media platform.
. 7 Better Permission Management
Once again, Google continues its efforts to protect users with Android 10 from malicious apps and malware. The new version includes more control over permissions. Now you can set apps to access specific sensors and permissions only during active use. For example, you could give Google Maps permission to access your location while the app is open but lock the location when Google Maps is closed.
The individual permissions information page has also been redesigned to make it more understandable to casual users. Based on the appearance of the Digitial Wellbeing app, Android 10 makes it easy to determine which permissions an app has access to and does not have access to. It also lists which permission is most frequently requested and which permission is most commonly used, so you can make an informed decision about how to use sensors from apps installed on your phone.
For permission requests, Location Permission gave us an additional option. While allowing only permissions to allow or deny permissions to other permissions, you can use the location to limit usage to the foreground.
If you select "Allow only while using the app," you can restrict the tracking of your location by malicious apps in the background. It also represents an intermediate option between fully trusting the app with your location and fully trusting the app with this information. At a minimum, you must now open the app before collecting data to limit the damage it can cause.
. 8 New & # 39; Sensor Off & # 39; Toggle
Android 10 also includes a new tile for the Sensors off setting. According to XDA, this tile seems to disable all radios and enable airplane mode.
XDA speculates that this may also switch off sensors such as accelerometers, gyroscopes, and other sensors. If this proves to be true, it would be one of the first times that a mobile phone has provided this access, which could help stem the fears of the most privacy-oriented individuals.
. 9 Blocking Access to the Clipboard in the Background
One of the many benefits of rooting (19459037) is the ability to better manage the number of apps you can access. For example, you do not know, but any Android app can read and change your clipboard. The only way to change this action is currently in apps like AppOpps, a framework that lets you manage these hidden permissions.
Android 10 finally changes this default permission. According to XDA, the new version limits what apps can read in the clipboard in the background. While this change is not as significant as it was three years ago when the AutoFill API did not exist (meaning that you probably used the clipboard to store your temporary logon password on accounts), it does improve protection for Users and continues Google's commitment to improving the privacy and security of its platform.
Android stores data either in internal memory or on external storage (microSD cards and USB drives). If apps have permission to access the external storage, they can currently read and write any files. This setup can be misused because apps can use this capability to access data they do not need access to.
Android 10 changes this by introducing new permissions. According to XDA, Android Q now allows you to grant or deny the following permissions to apps: the ability to read locations of your media, access music files, access photos, and access videos
For apps that already use the Possibility for external storage is limited to read permission, not just read and write.
In Android 8.0 Oreo and 9.0 Pie, Google has taken considerable steps to restrict the ability of apps to access your location in the background. This change was designed to prevent malicious apps from tracking the location of a phone without the users knowing it.
However, this change did harm to intentional apps because it prevented them from mapping their location in the background. Instead, they had to wait for the user to open the app, then find their position and hinder the experience.
In Android 10, Google is revising this policy again. According to XDA, apps can capture your location in the background again. Users are better warned, thanks to the improved permissions system, which tells you when "an app always has access to the location, even if you're not using the app" and can change this setting.  12. Desktop Mode
We have seen that both Samsung and Huawei have the ability to use Android with a dock or cable like a desktop, but it looks like they are not alone for long , With a new setting in Developer Options, Force Desktop Mode, you can connect your phone to an external monitor and interact with apps in Freeform mode. According to XDA, after enabling the toggle switch, you'll need to run the following ADB command to use this function:
adb shell at startup -n "com.google.android.apps.nexuslauncher / com android .launcher3.SecondaryDisplayLauncher "
However, if you downloaded the non-GMS Android Q image for Android Studio, use this command instead:
adb shell at startup -n" com.android.launcher3 / android.launcher3.SecondaryDisplayLauncher "
Remember that Mac and Linux users must use" ./adb "instead of" adb. "
13. Freeform Windows
Android Q borrows from Samsung and brings Freeform windows to Android. These windows are small rectangles that overlay other apps. Unlike the picture-in-picture mode, which has a limited size, you can resize those windows to the size you want and do not need to be supported by the app.
You can only do this at the time of writing. Open a freeform window. These windows can be from any page of the app and are not limited to videos like PiP.
We were all there. We changed the Wi-Fi password, and now everyone in our household asks for the new password. You may have sent it to them by SMS in the past, but this is dangerous because SMS is unencrypted and can be caught during transmission. Also, anyone with access to their text messages will now have their password if they do not delete the message from their phone (and you).
Android 10 fixes this by adding the ability to share your password with a QR code code. These security codes can be scanned by iPhone and Android users (including older versions of Android) so they can connect to the Wi-Fi network immediately without knowing the password. This feature even requires authentication (such as a fingerprint or passcode) to protect you if someone picks up your phone and tries to share that information.
According to 9to5Google, four commits have been posted that limit the ability of carriers to restrict devices. In Android 10, network operators can now create a whitelist and a blacklist of cell phones for their networks, making it difficult to use certain unlocked phones with their mobile service.
There are also new compulsions that relate to two levels -SIM phones. With Android 10 devices, network operators can restrict activation of the second SIM slot until an approved SIM card is in the first slot. This restriction also applies after restarting the phone or when performing a factory reset.
sixteenth Support for Secure Face Unlock
Face recognition has become a popular biometrics for smartphones. Apple's iPhone X was the first mobile phone to combine multiple sensors, including a point projector and IR emitters, to create a method that was both safe and fast. For most technologies in the smartphone industry, competition has rapidly replicated, creating less secure methods (like OnePlus phones) as well as nearly identical copies of Huawei and Xiaomi.
The Android operating system does not work. There is native support for facial recognition biometrics, and as a result, the safer iterations had to work with Google to adapt to Android, making them less efficient than they could be.
However, according to XDA, this seems to be the case The next version of Android will add native support. In APK for the framework res of Android 10, rows were found that described an error message when a device was missing facial recognition hardware. But even more interesting were the lines of code in which the device of face recognition was discussed. Similar to the fingerprint scanner, these describe the need to set a password, PIN or pattern as a backup. This suggests that the system is adopting a form of biometrics that Google considers trustworthy and can be used anywhere a fingerprint was present (pending developers add support to their apps).
17th Built-in Video Recorder
Android 10 adds a built-in video recorder that complements the built-in screenshot feature of the operating system. As with the screenshot feature, this is a big win for privacy as paperless apps were a breeding ground for malware. When masquerading as a screenwriting app, malicious developers used these apps to record your screen in the background and use that information for financial incentives. With a built-in video recorder, you no longer need to trust third-party apps.
The power menu receives a new emergency call button. Android 10 adds a new button that starts the emergency call picker. In this way, you can quickly call 911 or other emergency services while in distress.
Wi-Fi standards and versions can be confusing. There are versions that were previously lettered (for example, 802.11ac) and are now identified by numbers (such as Wi-Fi 6) that indicate the speed and performance of the wireless connection. Then there are security standards (such as WPA2) that indicate what type of protection is available to prevent hackers from accessing your network or Internet connection. The latter is supported by Android in Android 10.
The latest security standard is WPA3, providing significantly improved security for Wi-Fi. WPA3 introduces Simultaneous Authentication of Equals (SAE), which replaces the pre-shared key of WP2. SAE is a new way for your router to determine if your phone can access your network. Until 2016, the pre-shared key was considered safe until the key re-installation attacks (KRACK) were discovered. This made WPA2-based Wi-Fi networks vulnerable (although a fix was later sent in the form of a security patch).  WP3 also supports 192-bit encryption over 128-bit encryption in WPA2. This is an optional feature, but it can bring tremendous benefits to schools and organizations that need the most protection. WPA3 also makes open Wi-Fi networks more secure by using "individual data encryption" even in an open Wi-Fi network.
With 5G just around the corner, Android must prepare for the coming wave of 5G-powered devices and networks. There is currently no indication of when your phone is using a 5G network. However, 9to5Google has discovered both 5G and 5G + ads in the Android 10 code, so this is no longer a problem.
While you could change the shape of custom starter icons for years, this was limited to the icons that were placed on the Home screen and in the App drawer. In Android 8.0, the Pixel Launcher even added support for new symbol shapes along with the Adaptive Icon feature. However, if you prefer the look of "Tear" or "Squirkle", you will lose that look when you are in the Preferences and other areas.
With Android 10, Google has added the option to make a system-wide change and comes with a small bonus. Unlike starters like Nova, which can only change the icons of apps, this new feature also tweaks the Quick Settings tiles. Prior to Android 10, this feature was only available on custom ROMs and provided an easy way to demarcate your phone from the crowd.
In addition to the Quick Settings tile, app icons (if displayed) also support appendix icons, including the overview menu (multitasking interface) and the sharing menu. There are currently four options available: the standard circles Teardrop, Squircle, and Rounded Rectangles (which work well with the new look of Android Q.)
System-wide adaptive symbols were not the only new customization feature added to Android 10. You can also add system-wide accent colors that are flagged as themes in the Developer Options menu.
With themes, you change the color of the active quick-setting tiles, the brightness bar, the active switches in the settings and much more. There are currently four colors to choose from: Blue (default), Black, Green and Purple.
Based on Some of the unpacks that were done by XDA, it seems like these theming options are actually one new app preinstalled on Pixel devices with Android 10. The app, which appears to be called Pixel Themes will have the new accent colors, font changes, and icon shapes currently in developer options. This also means that Google can update this app as an app with new options, so Android needs much-needed customization options previously available only in custom ROMs.
If you see that X% of the battery is left, you will not be able to tell when your phone will die. Although you can estimate based on the percentage (for example, if you have a battery life of 5% you should probably run and find a charger), it will be more difficult if you use a percentage that is not close to 100% or 0 % lies. If you know when the battery is empty, you can make decisions when the charger is not nearby.
In Android 9 Pie, Google introduced the Adaptive Battery, a feature that teaches how to learn the phone using machine learning (battery drain) and optimize the system to suit your phone usage. For example, if you first open Gmail for 10 minutes in the morning, Android will place it in a higher app standby bucket. You see that you need it actively. At this time, it will also set a rarely used app in a lower range, which will limit background data sync and battery drain.
With all this data, Android has noticed much better when the phone dies, at half the hour. In Android 10, Google places this information in front and in the middle. If the Battery Percentage Indicator is on your status bar when you pull down the notification screen once (with the first six Quick Setup tiles visible), the estimated time that your phone will die is displayed next to the battery icon. This time is adjusted according to usage to improve accuracy.
In machine learning analysis of battery usage, your Android phone also knows when you would normally charge your phone during the day. If Android Q detects that the battery dies before reaching this normal charging time, Battery Saver can be automatically activated – how cool is that!
When listening to music, the usual playback controls sometimes are not enough. I can imagine several times that I want to listen to a particular verse or section of a song and stop what I did, unlock my phone, and use the progress bar in my music app to get back to the point where I am I wanted to hear.
Android 10 does this by updating the music control notifications with a song progress bar. Under the usual playback controls, you can also scroll through the scrubber through your favorite song. As usual, the notification is also available on the lock screen, so you can quickly move to a specific section.
For those who load apps on pages, you are well acquainted with the install prompt. A mostly white page with the name of the app and an installation bar showing the progress. You may never have thought about it, but there is a lot of wasted space.
Apparently, the Android team agreed and changed it for Android 10. Now instead of a full page pop-up with the same information appears. It's not a big change, but it's a much cleaner experience.
In früheren Android-Versionen konnten Benachrichtigungen mit einem Wischvorgang in beide Richtungen interagiert werden. In Android Oreo wurden diese Gesten erweitert, um den Zugriff auf ein Untermenü zu ermöglichen, in dem Sie Benachrichtigungen verwalten können, wenn Sie den Wischvorgang vorzeitig beendet haben (d. H. Langer Wischvorgang, um Optionen zu schließen). In diesem Untermenü war die Möglichkeit, einzelne Benachrichtigungen zu deaktivieren oder eine bestimmte Art von Benachrichtigungen über Benachrichtigungskanäle zu deaktivieren.
Der Zugriff auf dieses Untermenü war nicht die einfachste Geste, da ein teilweiser Wisch nach links oder rechts erforderlich war. Dies würde häufig zu einer unbeabsichtigten Benachrichtigungsabmeldung führen, wenn Sie zu schnell wischen.
Bei Android 10 änderten sich die Gesten. Anstelle eines teilweisen Wischens führt Android nun einen Wisch nach links aus, um automatisch auf das Untermenü zuzugreifen, während der Wisch nach rechts die Benachrichtigung verwirft. Darüber hinaus können Sie diese Geste in umgekehrter Reihenfolge anpassen (rechts für Optionen, links zum Löschen).
Android 9 Pie hat die Funktionsweise der Lautstärkewippe mutig geändert, indem das Medienvolumen als Standardaktion festgelegt wurde. Dies war ein großer Gewinn für diejenigen in der Android-Community, die dies seit Jahren gefordert hatten. Aber Google hört dort nicht auf. Mit Android 10 macht Google den Zugriff auf alle Lautstärken noch einfacher.
Anstatt Einstellungen für einige Lautstärken einzugeben, können Sie jetzt die Lautstärke Ihrer Medien, Anrufe, Klingeltöne und Alarme von jedem Bildschirm aus steuern. Nachdem Sie die Lautstärkewippe gedrückt haben, um das Lautstärkemenü aufzurufen, wählen Sie das Symbol unten im Menü. Daraufhin wird ein neues Popup-Fenster geöffnet, in dem Sie auf alle verwaltbaren Lautstärkebalken zugreifen können, die in den Einstellungen zu finden sind.
Dies ist eine kleine Änderung. Android hat eine kleine Änderung an den Akkusymbolen in der Statusleiste vorgenommen. Anstatt dass der leere Teil grau ist, ist er jetzt vollständig transparent mit einer weißen Kontur.
Android hat dem Multitasking schon immer Priorität eingeräumt. Von Anfang an war es immer einfacher als andere mobile Betriebssysteme, die auf Ihrem Smartphone eingehenden Warnmeldungen zu verwalten. Android 10 wird diese Tradition mit einer neuen Funktion fortsetzen, die als Bubbles bezeichnet wird.
Bubbles sind kleine Symbole, die anderen Apps überlagert werden können. Nach der Auswahl dieser Symbole können Sie schnell auf Interaktionen innerhalb der App zugreifen. Ein Beispiel dafür sind Android Messages. Mit Blasen können Sie ein Gespräch mit bestimmten Kontakten fortsetzen, ohne die Android-Nachrichten-App jedes Mal öffnen zu müssen. Zwar gibt es bereits einige Inline-Messaging-Funktionen mit Benachrichtigungen, aber Bubbles machen die Interaktion noch einfacher, da sie als Mini-Version der App fungieren, auf die Sie jederzeit zugreifen können.
31. Richtungs- und zoombare Mikrofone
Entwickler haben jetzt Zugriff auf eine neue MicrophoneDirection-API, mit der sie eine bestimmte Richtung des Mikrofons beim Aufnehmen von Audio festlegen können. Zum Beispiel kann eine Sprachaufzeichnungs-App jetzt das Mikrofon, das Ihrem Mund am nächsten ist (mithilfe des Gyroskops zum Ermitteln der Ausrichtung des Telefons), so führen, dass eine klare Aufnahme möglich ist. Darüber hinaus bietet dieselbe API Zoom-Funktionen für Ihr Mikrofon, sodass Apps die Dimension des Aufnahmefelds steuern können.
Bei der Suchleiste in den Einstellungen befindet sich eine neue Google-Konto-Schaltfläche. Ähnlich wie bei Google Mail können Sie dieses Symbol auswählen, um zwischen Konten zu wechseln (wenn Sie mehr als ein Google-Konto mit Ihrem Telefon synchronisiert haben), auf Notfallinformationen zuzugreifen, zur Seite "Über das Telefon" zu wechseln, Google Pay zu verwalten und Ihr Google-Konto zu konfigurieren.
Bei der Einführung von Android 5.0 Lollipop wurde eine Animation eingeführt, die die Farben Ihres Bildschirms zu einem Schwarzweiß-Monochrom verblasste, wenn Sie die Anzeige ausschalten. Es wurde nach Android 5.1 Lollipop entfernt, da es zu einem Speicherleckproblem kam.
Mit Android 10 ist es zurück und besser als je zuvor. Not only does your phone fade to monochrome when the screen turns off, but it fades back into color when the screen turns on. It's quick and a little hard to notice, but watch the screen when you hit the power button. It turns monochrome before it goes black. It then it fades from monochrome to full color when you turn the screen on.
We will continue to update this article as new changes become known. What do you think about Android 10 so far? Are you excited about the new update? Let us know in the comment section below.
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