Webhosting is possibly the least recognized part of the World Wide Web. Everything you love about the Internet – podcasts, memes, articles, tweets, websites, online games, Netflix content – lives on a server that an individual or business for maintains the operation so you can access it. Web hosting is an invisible but essential element of the online experience.
For example, if you want to start a website, there are some basic aspects of web hosting that you should be familiar with before you start the project. Although it is relatively easy to log in and use the supplied website creation software of a provider to quickly create an attractive, functional frontend, there are many related terms and concepts that you can use to get your head can wrap. As you will soon see, part of it is confusing, if not contradictory. The following should be known before opening an account on web hosting.
1. There's a Big Difference Between Hosting Types
If you've spent some time on a web host's website, you've probably seen terms such as shared VPS ] Cloud, WordPress and resellers. They represent the different types of web hosting, but not every web host offers them all. In addition, the hosting types differ significantly from each other.
Almost every web host offers shared hosting, the cheapest form of web hosting. With shared hosting your website shares server and server resources with many other websites. If you want to keep your web hosting budget small and do not expect a lot of traffic, then shared hosting is the way to go. You should expect to pay less than $ 10 a month for this web hosting type. This level of hosting is best for small websites that do not require a large bandwidth. As you share resources with other sites, you should be prepared for the occasional slowdown if one of your site colleagues starts to attract many visitors.
Larger companies looking for heavy traffic on their websites should opt for VPS or dedicated hosting, each of which provides more powerful server specifications. VPS hosting is like a powerful version of shared hosting, except that far fewer websites share a server's resources, which are also a bit more separate. VPS hosting costs more than shared hosting, but you should pay less than $ 100 per month.
Dedicated hosting places your website on a single server, so it can leverage the full power of a server. This is the most expensive way of hosting. You can end up paying $ 100 or more for this raw performance.
With Reseller Hosting you can start your own web hosting company without worrying about building the infrastructure. With WordPress Hosting you can create a website in an environment that offers the most popular content management system in the world. And cloud hosting ? This is a completely different thing that can easily scale your website performance across multiple servers, even though not every web host does. Still. Prices for these hosting levels are everywhere, so it's important to shop nearby.
Learn more about the different types of hosting in the various explanatory articles (linked in the sections above).
2. Bandwidth is not the same as data transfer
"Bandwidth" and "data transfer" are often used interchangeably to define the amount of data your site provides to visitors, but the terms do not technically have the same definitions.
Bandwidth is the total amount of data that can be transferred simultaneously, while data transfer is the throughput or actual amount of information that can be used over a period of time, typically one month. Imagine this: A web host can have a maximum bandwidth of 5 GB, but depending on your hosting plan, your website may only allow 1 GB of data transfer per month.
Note: If your website exceeds the monthly data transfers, it's due. For example, a reddit hit may cause a web host to slow down your site's data transfer rate or impose a penalty. You may even be asked to upgrade to a higher web hosting level. It is good to know the data restrictions for your site before encountering such situations.
. 3 Unlimited Unlimited Unlimited
Web hosts will trick you into subscribing to their web hosting plans by tempting them with the promise of unrestricted storage or monthly data transfer. It's not a completely honest deal in general. Well, I do not want to say that these web hosts lie directly, but the "unlimited" storage or data transfer almost always has limitations that vary from company to company. For example, FatCow offers "tons of storage" and indicates that the content of a user is not limited – as long as that person fully complies with the company's terms of service and uses space for the normal operation of their FatCow website. "It's just like the bottomless prawn buffet: At some point, a restaurant will cut you off if you do not run out of shrimp before.
Unlimited storage and data transfers are usually associated with shared or WordPress plans, and you can run wild … within certain limits If your blog gets a steady stream of sensible traffic (whatever that means!), You're in good standing, but you should not expect to load or stream 50TB of data every day, the average Joe probably does not in questionable activity.
You should consult a web host's service provider or customer service representative to understand exactly what you can and can not do as part of your plan – for example, DreamHost's website indicates that the company has the Bandwidth or traffic is not tracked, so you can not see any Orgen to make a lump sum additional costs.
4. Solid State Drive to Hard Drive Compromise
If you want to sign up for Shared Web Hosting, you're likely to get real estate on traditional hard drives (HDD servers). The advantage of a HDD-based server is that it can offer large amounts of storage cheap. Using the hosting ladder for more powerful offerings, such as VPS and Dedicated, gives web hosts the ability to create a site on a solid-state drive (SSD).
SSD-based servers are lightning fast storage units. SSD technology is still quite expensive, which is why your SSD-based servers typically have much less storage capacity than hard drives. You will rarely see 1 TB SSD server, a number that is common in the HDD arena.
The discussion between SSD and HDD is a long discussion that goes beyond the scope of this article. I recommend Tom Brants excellent SSD vs.. HDD: What's the difference?
5. A Linux server is usually enough
Almost every web host offers Linux as the operating system that drives its servers. I do not think I checked a web host that lacked the free open source operating system. Even if you are unfamiliar with Linux, you do not have to do any special work on the backend to create a website. Website builders make construction sites a breeze.
If your site requires ASP or ASP.NET scripting frameworks, you must run it with the Windows Server operating system. This is because the script you write on and the web pages your products work on are only functional in a Windows-based environment.
Another benefit: Microsoft applications such as Office or Outlook can be easily integrated into the server. The disadvantage? Windows servers are not compatible with Linux-based open source software unless you need to make something.
Windows servers cost about $ 10 to $ 20 more than their Linux counterparts, but if you need Microsoft tools, this is a small premium.
For more tips on web hosting, see How to Create a Website and Register a Domain Name for Your Website.