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Home / Tips and Tricks / 58 Exciting new features and changes in Android 10 «Android :: Gadget Hacks

58 Exciting new features and changes in Android 10 «Android :: Gadget Hacks

The most important update for Android for 2019 is a special one – it is the tenth full version of the world's most widely used operating system. The upcoming release, known as Android 10 (codenamed Android Q), is currently in beta and we've been digging on it for the past two months. Although the update is not a dramatic visual change, there are plenty of good things to look forward to.

Google has recently started referring to Android versions without the usual "point-0" suffix, and we expect this for Android 10, which is just "ten". As for the dessert code name, there are not many options that start with the letter Q (Qurabiya? Quindim?), But a sponsored name like Android Quik is out of the question.

Although we do not know much In terms of name or nickname, we've been exploring new features in beta since Developer Preview 1

(we're now in Q Beta 3). There are privacy improvements, a new dark mode, and even the ability to install important system updates through the Google Play Store.

. 1 Systemwide Dark Mode (Finally!)

As early as 2017, before Android Pie was released, an Android user asked Google about the implementation of a system-wide dark mode in Android. Their argument was that with the advent of OLED panels in smartphones, including this feature, there was an easy way to improve battery life. To everyone's surprise, a Googler responded:

Our engineering team has added this feature. It will be available in a future Android version.

– Googler

Later that day, Google added to the hype that the dark mode was indeed a change in the developer options that changed the look of the quick settings, the power menu, the app drawer (at Using Pixel Launcher) and apps developed by Google that implement a dark theme such as news, YouTube and phone.

At that time, we were cautiously optimistic. However, with Android 10 Q in hand, we can confirm that Dark Mode is finally here!

A model of Dark Mode in Settings app based on XDA's leaked version of Android 10. Pictures by Dallas Thomas / Gadget Hacks

In the final version, the option should be in the Display menu in Settings. Here you will find the new switch "Dark Design", which you can activate or deactivate. After activation, all apps start in dark mode, as long as they activate the theme. Even the boot animation is changed from the typical white on pixel devices to a black background.

One difference is that the dark mode seems to vary depending on the control panel used by the display. For example, the background of Settings on the Pixel 3 is black, while it is gray on the Essential PH-1. The former uses an OLED panel, while the latter uses an LCD display that can not produce a pure black image.

Because developers need to embed support into their apps, Google helps developers and users get started. For developers, Google includes a new feature called "Force Dark," which lets you quickly implement dark designs into any app without having to create a theme. In this way, developers can tinker with the appearance of the Dark Theme version of their app, but with this new tool, they can accelerate the Dark mode for users.

For users, Google has added the Disable option for users in Developer Options. This switch activates the Force Dark tool and gives users a dark mode, even if the app has no theme yet.

. 2 Back button is gone

Google has finally taken over the gesture control and made a change that is likely to split the community. The back button is gone. Instead of Android Pie's navigation buttons, which were an extended start button and a backward arrow, there's a thinner start button and nothing else. To return, Android chooses the popular gesture found in many third-party apps – swiping from the left or right of the screen to the center now acts as a back button.

Image of Jon Knight / Gadget Hacks

However, Google has learned from their past mistakes. Unlike Android Pie, where pixel users were forced to use gesture navigation, even though they did not like it, Google now makes three-button navigation mandatory for all smartphones running Android 10 "Q". This means that the implementation of the Essential PH-1 version of Android 9 is similar to Pie, which includes a "gestures" option that allows users to select the desired navigation system, full gesture control, or three-button navigation.

Additionally For OEMs who have already implemented their own version of gesture control (eg, Samsung, OnePlus, and Motorola), Google will not force them to remove them. Instead, as with the OnePlus OxygenOS, users can choose between the implementation of the OEM, the implementation of Google, and the navigation bar with three buttons.

3. New gesture to fix the screen

Without buttons, activating the fixing of the screen can not be disabled. With this feature, which is stable in Android since 5.0 Marshmellow, you can restrict access to only one app when you borrow your phone. However, the unlock method was always the back button and the home button. Without the navigation button, there is no way to unlock your phone.

According to XDA, Google will change the unlock method to a gesture. When users use gesture control, you need to move your finger up and hold to unhook the screen. Users worried about this feature will not be scared with the new gesture navigation.

. 4 Project Mainline

Based on Project Treble, Google is working to better fix the fragmentation inherent in Android. Project Mainline accelerates updates by resembling updates to many core operating system components of an app. Rather than having to wait for an OEM to bundle, test, and then publish a software update, users can update individual components through Google Play.

Components that can be upgraded through Project Mainline are delivered with APK (same files as APK apps) or APEX files. APEX files are a new file format that is loaded at the start of the boot process. In this way, important components can be updated if they are activated at the start of the boot sequence. Google also implemented fail-safe mechanisms and improved test processes to ensure trouble-free parts updates. All in all, Android Q does not run any three-month security patches on your phone. Instead, all Android Q phones should receive security patches and keep their components up-to-date, even if OEMs are having trouble updating the software in a timely manner.

Currently, Android Q at launch supports the following components for this new version update system:

  • Security: Media Codecs, Media Framework Components, DNS Resolvers, Encryption
  • Privacy Policy: Document user interface, authorization controllers, ExtServices
  • Consistency: time zone data, ANGLE (developer opt-in), module metadata, network components, captive portal login, network authorization configuration

5. Launch GSIs without unlocking boot loader

Project Treble helped provide faster Android updates for non-pixel devices. Another benefit of this change was that developers could flash Generic System Images (GSIs) on any Project Treble-enabled device to get the latest Android version and test how their apps worked. We've already seen the benefit of every Project Treble phone being able to boot Android Q, even though it was not part of the Android Q beta program. However, this required an unlocked boot loader, which not only requires deleting your phone but is often not available on many phones (for example, many phones with mobile carriers).

This is the Dynamic System Update. According to XDA Google has been working on a new tool that allows app developers to launch a GSI without having to unlock the bootloader. Developers can launch a GSI, test an app, and then return to regular installation without data loss. T

There are obvious implications – this feature can greatly benefit the custom ROM community if Google implements it so that regular users can use the feature. A device shipped with Android 10 is probably required. But imagine a future in which you can launch LineageOS as a dynamic Android GSI without having to unlock the bootloader on your phone.

. 6 Foldable Phone Support

Several foldable phones have been announced this year, some of which are due to circulate before the end of the year. Each of these phones uses Android, which currently does not natively support this new form factor.

Android 10 has built-in support for folding operations and the different orientations in which it can be displayed. Despite the different possibilities of Huawei and Samsung, and Xiaomi has implemented a flexible display that can work with the operating system and each provides a seamless experience.

7. Live Subtitles

Android Q lets you turn on subtitles whenever you watch a video. Without the use of the Internet, Android 10 can listen to the video locally and create subtitles in real time. This incredible feature is possible because Google uses the local machine-learning capabilities of our phones to decrypt languages. This works for the entire operating system, including web content and third-party apps, not just Google-developed apps.

. 8 Recording Audio

In Android 10, any app that plays audio can use other apps directly to record the audio. This means that subtitles and subtitles apps can now provide an even better experience. The new API also affects latency, so developers urgently need to improve these categories of apps.

In addition, recording and streaming games will be beneficial. Thanks to this new API, apps like Twitch can record the actual sound in the game so that streamers enjoy the same sound as you do instead of recording through the microphone.

9. Smart Responses and Suggested Actions

Smart Reply will be available immediately for all Android Q messaging apps. The feature that Gmail users have been using since 2017 uses the same machine-learning capabilities found in smartphones to determine an appropriate feature. The answer is based on the notification you receive on your phone. The reactions can even add emojis.

Also, Android can predict your next move. For example, if someone sends you an address, they suggest opening Google Maps. With a push of a button, you can start Google Maps immediately to this address and save additional touches.

Image about Google

10. Focus Mode

Focus mode allows you to temporarily disable distracting notifications. After activation, you can disable notifications for all apps installed on your phone. Until you turn focus mode off, these apps will not give you notifications to help you avoid distractions.

11. New Rotation Lock Position

If you disable automatic rotation, the Rotation Lock button appears in the navigation bar. This button allows you to manually rotate the screen when you put it in Portrait or Landscape mode. In Android 10, the button has been moved from the navigation bar to the upper-right corner of the lower left of the screen. The functionality has not changed, only the position.

12. Replaced Android Beam with Fast Share

If I asked you to remember the last time you used Android Beam, would you remember? This seems to be the case for many Android users, which would explain why Google apparently gets rid of it in Android 10.

In the first developer preview for Android 10, Google removed this feature. While the function was much more useful on first launch, much has changed since then. The ability to easily share large files with file-sharing apps or Bluetooth has limited its use, and Google believes that this is no longer necessary (although we're not sure).

While Google removes this feature, it still leaves it to manufacturers to decide whether to keep Android Beam or not. If OEMs add support for NFC, they must also declare support for Android Beam. How many OEMs continue to support this feature is unclear, but it looks like the End of Days for Android Beam is coming up.

Sharing files over NFC via Android Beam could soon be impossible. Pictures of Dallas Thomas / Gadget Hacks

According to 9to5Google, Google will replace Android Beam with a new feature called Fast Share. Similar to the "Files via Google" sharing feature, files are shared using a combination of Bluetooth (to connect to) and Wi-Fi Direct (to transfer).

If this feature is enabled, enter your device name. The menu displays nearby devices for which you can share media. For security reasons, you must first accept the transfer in order to prevent others from spamming your phone. In addition, you can assign "Preferred Visibility" to certain devices so that they can always see your device even if "Quick Release" is disabled.

. 13 Digital Wellbeing in Chrome

Digital Wellbeing, the new hub introduced in Android 9 Pie to protect itself from your phone, may find itself in a new home on Android 10. According to AndroidHeadlines, Digital Wellbeing was found in the Chrome browser. No, the function is not moving. Instead, the same app limits and tracking can now be applied to Internet surfing. This feature also resolves a workaround where your Instagram usage for that day has expired and you are using the browser to continue to use the social media platform.

fourteenth App Timer in Recent Apps

In terms of digital well-being, Google also makes it easier for app-timers to recognize when they reach their limits. In the last apps, the time remaining will be displayed at the bottom of their "map" for each app with time restrictions.

fifteen. Better Permission Management

Google continues its efforts to protect users with Android 10 from malicious apps and malware. The new version provides more control over permissions. Now you can set apps to only access specific sensors and permissions while actively using them. For example, you could give Google Maps permission to access your location while the app is open, but lock location permission when Google Maps is closed.

The individual permissions information page has also been redesigned to facilitate understanding of casual users. Based on the appearance of the Digitial Wellbeing app, Android 10 makes it easy to see what permissions an app can and can not access. It also lists which permission is most frequently requested and which is most commonly used, so you can make an informed decision about how to use sensors from apps installed on your phone.

(1) Call History Permission menu, (2)) Permission to manage call history for a specific app. (3) Request permissions after installing a new app.

For permission requests, location permission gave us an additional option. While you can restrict the permission or deny of the site for other permissions, you can limit the use to the foreground only.

If you select "Allow only while the app is in use," you can prevent malicious apps from recording your location in the background. It also acts as an intermediate option between completely disbelieving the app with your location and fully trusting the app with this information. At a minimum, the app now needs to be opened before data is collected to limit the damage it can cause.

sixteenth Family Link

As smartphone users get younger and younger, it's critical for parents to monitor how their children are using their devices. With Family Link, a children's phone can be checked directly from a parent phone under the Digital Wellbeing option. Here you can review and approve apps that are on the phone, set the daily usage limit, see how much time is spent in each app, and set a sleep time to remove them from the phone.

Parents You can even set app-timers for specific apps to limit how much time kids spend on certain apps and give them a bonus time while performing well. With these tools, you can protect your child's digital well-being and protect it from potential online threats by giving you more control over what it does and how it does it.

Image from Google / YouTube

17. Controlling DND Behavior for Each Schedule

In Android 10, Do Not Disturb can now be customized for each schedule. Instead of using the same setting for all schedules, you can use one setting for one schedule and another setting for another. For example, I have set two schedules on my phone, one for the weekday and one for the weekend. With Android Q, every day of the week I need to sleep, I can hear one tone of all the calls, while marked contacts call me on weekends when I'm less interested. All options are available, including the visual distractions implemented in Android 9 Pie.

18. Native Support for Facial Authentication

Apple iPhone X has made facial recognition mainstream by forcing millions of iPhone users to skip the fingerprint reader when upgrading to the latest iOS phone would like. As usual, several OEMs saw this change as an opportunity and tried to outperform the feature with their Android devices. The problem is that Android does not provide native support. While companies like Huawei have been able to work with Android to implement a workaround, this setup is not ideal.

In Android 10, facial authentication is inherently disconnected from Android. That said, if the industry pushes for these new biometric data, Android is ready for it, and the new method has the same authentication performance as the fingerprint scanner.

19. TLS 1.3 support

Android Q supports the new TLS 1.3 standard. TLS is the backbone of HTTPS security and provides encryption for all communications. TLS 1.3 is 40% faster than 1.2 and offers even more protection. Not only does this mean that you are better protected, but also that all data-related communications (whether you load an app or use the browser) are faster.

20. New "Sensors off" switch

Android 10 also includes a new "Sensors off" tile for quick settings. After activation, the camera, accelerometer, proximity sensor and compass are disabled. We believe that the other sensors, such as the gyroscope and the barometer, are affected but could not be verified. Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and GPS are not affected.

21. Limiting Access to Call Logs and Text Messages

Despite Google's efforts to curb the access difficulties in the Play Store, there are still far too many apps with too much access to your data. I'm pretty sure you have an app on your phone right now that, once you've verified your app permissions, raises the question of why one was granted. In Android Q, Google is addressing this issue by providing customers with new tools to protect themselves.

In the Developer Options there is the option "Restrict SMS and Call Log Access". With this option enabled, only your default phone application and your messaging application will be able to access your text messages and call log. This way, an app used by such a dictation device will not be able to access your call logs.

22. Blocking Access to the Clipboard in the Background

One of the many benefits of rooting is the ability to better manage the amount of access apps. For example, you may not be aware of this, but any Android app can read and change your clipboard. Currently, you can only modify this action with apps like AppOpps, a framework that lets you manage these hidden permissions.

Android 10 is definitely changing this default permission. According to XDA, the new version will limit which apps can read in the clipboard in the background. While this change is not as significant as it was three years ago when the AutoFill API did not exist (meaning that you probably used the clipboard to store your password for logging on to accounts), it does improve the protection for users and continues Google's commitment to improving the privacy and security of its platform.

23rd Task Automation

According to XDA, the setting for Google Pixel devices running Android Q is "preference routines". The new feature is similar to Tasker and MacroDroid, allowing you to automate tasks based on time of day, actions, and more. Early code reviews have shown that it is not nearly as robust as Tasker, but if it is originally installed in the operating system, more users can use this feature.

24. Scoped Storage

Android 10 is once again focused on protecting user data. In Android Q, the app no ​​longer has unrestricted access to the device's internal and external storage. Instead, the app targeting Android Q gets a filtered view. This filtered view acts as a sandbox and limits the ability to read and write only data relevant to its role.

For the end user, this means that the app has less access to your data. However, developers must update their app to the new restrictive permission. Without a proper takeover, for example, file manager apps are broken.

25. Improved Background Location Access System

In Android 8.0 Oreo and 9.0 Pie, Google has taken significant steps to limit the ability of apps to access your location in the background. This change should prevent malicious apps from tracking the location of a phone without user knowledge.

However, this change negatively impacted well-intentioned apps by preventing them from mapping your location in the background. Instead, they had to wait for the user to open the app and then determine their location, which affected the experience.

In Android 10, Google is revising this policy again. According to XDA apps can capture your location back in the background. But with the improved permissions system, users are better warned if an "app always has access to the location, even if you're not using the app," and you can change that setting. [19659004] 26. Desktop Mode

Both Samsung and Huawei have added the ability to use Android in a desktop-like environment with a dock or a cable. It looks like they will not be alone for long. With a new setting in Developer Options called "Force Desktop Mode," you can connect your phone to an external monitor and interact with apps in free-form mode.

Interestingly, it is compatible with Chromecast to watch TV wirelessly. These include set-top boxes for Android TV and TVs with built-in Google Cast functionality.

27. Freeform Windows

Android Q is borrowing from Samsung and bringing Freeform windows to the Android market. These windows are small rectangles that are placed over other apps. Unlike the picture-in-picture mode, which is limited in size, you can enlarge these windows to the size you need and the app does not need support.

At the time of writing, this is only possible. A free-form window must be opened in each case. These windows can be from any page in the app and are not limited to videos like PiP.

28. Share the Wi-Fi password

We were all there. We have changed the Wi-Fi password and now everyone in our household is asking for the new password. You may have sent them an SMS in the past, but this is dangerous as SMS are unencrypted and can be caught during transmission. Unless you delete the message from your phone (and not your own), anyone who has access to their text messages now has your password.

Android 10 fixes this by adding the ability to pass your password through a QR code code. These secure codes can be scanned by iPhone and Android users (including older Android versions) so they can connect to the Wi-Fi network immediately without knowing the password. This feature even requires authentication (such as your fingerprint or passcode) that protects you if someone picks up your phone and tries to share that information. And for those who do not have a QR code scanner, the plain text password is displayed below the QR code.

29. Controlling the Vibration Intensity of Various Alerts

In Android 10, you can now adjust the level of vibration based on the type of alert. For example, you can increase the vibrational intensity for calls but decrease for other notifications. Previously, ringtone and notifications were adjusted together.

30. Hochformat in Apps von Drittanbietern

Mit Android 10 können Apps von Drittanbietern dynamische Tiefenbilder anfordern, die die Metadaten für den Bokeh-Modus enthalten. Mit dieser Anfrage kann die App jetzt spezielle Optionen für Weichzeichner und Bokeh anbieten. Diese Informationen können auch zur Erstellung von 3D-Bildern oder zur Unterstützung der AR-Fotografie verwendet werden.

31. Neue hochwertige Audio- und Videounterstützung

In Android 10 erweitert Google seine bereits umfangreichen Codecs um native Unterstützung für HDR10 + und AV1. HDR10 + ist eine verbesserte Version von HDR10, die einen wesentlichen Unterschied aufweist. Es werden dynamische Metadaten verwendet. Dies bedeutet, dass HDR-Inhalte Frame für Frame optimiert werden. Sie bieten satte Farben und ein Bild, mit dem sich das, was sich der Videofilmer vorgestellt hat, besser reproduzieren lässt.

AV1 ist ein offener und lizenzfreier Codec, der als Alternative fungiert bis H.264 (AVC). Es wurde von Unternehmen wie Intel, Microsoft, Amazon, Netflix und Google entwickelt und bietet die gleiche oder eine bessere Videoqualität bei einer um 20% niedrigeren Komprimierungsrate als H.265 (die bereits besser als H.264 ist). Mit Android Q, das diesen Standard anwendet, können Streams von Netflix und Amazon jetzt weniger Daten verwenden und bieten dennoch die gleiche Qualität des Streams.

Auf der Audioseite bietet Android 10 Unterstützung für Opus, ein offenes und lizenzfreies Programm Codec, der besser für das Streamen dieser MP3 ist. Der Vorteil gegenüber MP3 liegt in der Flexibilität. Insbesondere in der Lage, Audio mit Bitraten von 6 kb / s bis 510 kb / s auszugeben. Es kann auch Audio mit einer Abtastrate zwischen 8 kHz und 48 kHz ausgeben. Mit diesen Bereichen können Sie basierend auf der Qualität Ihrer Verbindung Audiodaten streamen, die bei einer guten Verbindung eine hervorragende Qualität aufweisen oder bei einer schlechten Verbindung eine durchschnittliche Qualität aufweisen.

Außerdem gibt es eine neue MeidaCodecInfo-API. Entwickler können die neue API verwenden, um alle möglichen Auflösungen und Bildfrequenzen eines Videos zu erfassen und auf Ihrem Bildschirm korrekt wiederzugeben. Dies erleichtert die Auflösung der Benutzersteuerung für Videos erheblich.

32. ANGLE und Vulkan 1.1

Android Q treibt die Verwendung von Vulkan in allen Apps weiter voran, indem Vulkan 1.1 für alle 64-Bit-Android-Geräte mit Android Q oder höher als Voraussetzung festgelegt und für alle 32-Bit-Geräte empfohlen wird. Vulkan ist eine API für geringen Overhead, Grafik und Computing, mit der Spiele hochwertige Grafiken erstellen können, ohne die gleichen Anforderungen wie andere Grafik- und Computing-APIs zu erfüllen.

Android Q unterstützt auch ANGLE. Fast Native Graphics Layer Engine (ANGLE) ist eine von Google entwickelte Open-Source-Abstraktionsschicht für Grafikmodule. In Android Q bietet Google OpenGL-Kompatibilität (eine andere Grafik-Engine), die eine reibungslosere Funktionsweise bietet, als wenn der Hersteller sie selbst bereitgestellt hat.

33. Mobilfunkanbieter können Telefone ausschließen

Laut 9to5Google wurden vier Commits veröffentlicht, die sich auf die Fähigkeit von Mobilfunkanbietern konzentrieren, Geräte einzuschränken. Insbesondere in Android 10 können Netzbetreiber jetzt eine Whitelist und eine Blacklist von Telefonen für ihre Netze erstellen, was die Verwendung bestimmter entsperrter Telefone mit ihrem Mobilfunkdienst erschwert.

Neue Einschränkungen sind ebenfalls zu erwarten -SIM-Telefone. Mit Android 10-Geräten können Netzbetreiber die Aktivierung des zweiten SIM-Steckplatzes einschränken, bis sich eine genehmigte SIM-Karte im ersten Steckplatz befindet. Diese Einschränkung gilt auch nach einem Neustart des Telefons oder nach einem Zurücksetzen auf die Werkseinstellungen.

34. Dual-SIM, Dual-Aktiv (möglicherweise)

Wenn Sie eines der wenigen Telefone mit Dual-SIM besitzen, ist Ihnen möglicherweise aufgefallen, dass Android Pie oder älter nicht zulässt, dass Sie Daten auf beiden SIMs gleichzeitig verwenden. Außerdem können Sie nicht beide Nummern gleichzeitig anrufen (ich weiß, wer diese Funktion tatsächlich nutzen würde, aber für manche hat sie einen Zweck). Dies liegt daran, dass Android nur Dual-SIM und Dual-Standby unterstützt, wodurch beide SIMs in ihrem Netzwerk registriert werden konnten, aber nur eine aktive SIM.

Android 10 unterstützt Dual-SIM und Dual-Active. Solange das Telefon dies unterstützt (z. B. unterstützen Pixel 2 und 3 Dual-SIM, Dual-Aktiv), können beide SIM-Karten aktiv sein. Dies bedeutet, dass Anrufe von beiden Nummern gleichzeitig getätigt und empfangen werden und Daten mit beiden SIM-Karten verwendet werden.

Das Problem besteht darin, dass Google die Möglichkeit entfernt, Android Q Beta 3 zu konfigurieren. Wenn es jedoch aktiviert war, blieb es bestehen on in Beta 3. Jetzt in Beta 4 scheint diese Problemumgehung ebenfalls zu stoppen. We are not sure if it comes in the final version, but there is more snowball chance it does make it.

35. Screen Attention

Ever been reading an article and have to keep touching the phone ever few seconds to prevent it from sleeping. Well, no longer in Android Q. A new feature known as "Screen Attention" has been added that prevents this. As long as you are looking at your screen, the phone will not turn off when enabled. Samsung users have been enjoying this features for years (Samsung calls it Smart Stay) but now all Android 10 phones can take advantage.

36. Built-in Screen Recorder

Android 10 will add a built-in screen recorder to complement the built-in screenshot feature of the OS. Like the screenshot feature, this is a major win for privacy, as screen recorder apps have been a breeding ground for malware. While masking as a screen recorder app, malicious developers have used these apps to record your screen in the background and use this information for financial incentive. With a built-in screen recorder, you'll no longer have to trust third parties apps.

37. Emergency Button

The power menu is getting a new button, Emergency. Android 10 will add a new button which will launch the emergency dialer. This way, you can quickly call 911 or other emergency services while in a pinch.

38. Easy Access to Google Pay Cards

In Android 10, Google is making it faster to pay with your saved credit and debit card stored on Google Pay. When enabled in Settingslong pressing the power button will bring up your stored card which you can select to quickly bring up your card and use to pay for a transactions.

39. Support for WPA3

Wi-Fi standards and versions can be confusing. There are versions which previously were labeled with letters (such as 802.11ac) and now identified using numbers ( such as Wi-Fi 6) which indicate the speed and performance of the wireless connection. Then there are security standards (such as WPA2) which indicate the type of protection available to prevent hackers from access your network or your internet connection. The latter is what Android is gaining support for in Android 10.

The latest security standard is WPA3 and it brings much-improved security to Wi-Fi. WPA3 introduces Simultaneous Authentication of Equals (SAE), which replaces WP2's Pre-Shared Key. SAE is a new way your router can determine whether your phone can access your network. Up until 2016, Pre-Shared Key was considered secure until the Key Reinstallation Attacks (KRACK) were discovered, making Wi-Fi networks based on WPA2 vulnerable (although, a fix was sent out later in the form of a security patch).

WP3 also supports 192-bit encryption, up from the 128-bit encryption in WPA2. This is an optional feature but can massively benefit schools and organizations which require the highest level of protection. WPA3 also makes open Wi-Fi networks more secure by using "individual data encryption" even when on an open Wi-Fi network.

40. 5G Support

With 5G just around the corner, Android needs to get ready for the upcoming wave of 5G-supported devices and networks. Currently, there is no indicator for when your phone is using a 5G network. Android Q includes connectivity APIs for apps to take advantage of the higher bandwidth connection includes the indicator when carriers turn on their networks.

41. Change Icon Shapes System-Wide

While for years you could change the shapes of icons via custom launchers, it was limited to only icons placed on the home screen and in the app drawer. In Android 8.0, the Pixel Launcher even added support for new icon shapes along with the Adaptive Icon feature. However, if you preferred the look of the "teardrop" or "squircle," you would lose that look while within Settings and other areas.

With Android 10, Google is finally adding the option to make this a system-wide change, and it comes with a little bonus. Unlike launchers like Nova which can change the icons of apps only, this new feature will also adjust the look of the Quick Settings tiles. Before Android 10, this feature was exclusive to custom ROMs and was an easy way to help differentiate your phone from the crowd.

In addition to the Quick Settings tiles, everywhere app icons are shown will include the change (as long as they support adaptive icons), including the Overview menu (multitasking UI) and the Share menu. There are currently four options available: the default circles, Teardrop, Squircle, and Rounded Rectangles (which match the new look of Android Q quite nicely).

42. Accent Colors

System-wide adaptive icons weren't the only new customization feature added to Android 10. You can also add system-wide accent colors, labeled as "themes" in the Developer Options menu.

With themes, you change the color of active Quick Settings tiles, the brightness bar, active toggles in Settings, and much more. There are currently eight colors to choose from: blue (default), black, green, purple, Cinnamon, Ocean, Space, and Orchid.

Based on some unpacking done by XDA, it appears that these theming options are actually apart of a new app which will come preinstalled on Pixel devices running Android 10. The app, which appears to be called Pixel Themeswill include the new accent colors, font changes, and icons shapes which are currently found in Developer Options. This also means that as an app, Google will be able to update this with new options, giving stock Android much needed customization options previously only found in custom ROMs.

43. Quickly See How Long Your Battery Will Last

Seeing your phone has X% of battery left doesn't tell you when exactly your phone will die. While you can estimate based on the percentage (such as if you have 5% battery life, you should probably run and find a charger), it becomes a bit more difficult when dealing with a percentage not close to 100% or 0%. Knowing the time of your phone's battery death can help you make decisions when in a pinch and a charger isn't nearby.

In Android 9 Pie, Google introduced Adaptive Battery, a feature which used machine learning to learn your phone habits (regarding battery consumption) and optimize the system to match your phone usage. For example, if you open "Gmail" first thing in the morning for 10 minutes, Android will place it in a higher app standby "bucket" at that time seen you need it active. It will also set an infrequently used app at this time in a lower bucket, limiting its background data sync and battery consumption.

With all this data, Android got much better at determining when your phone will die, to the nearest half an hour. In Android 10, Google is placing that information front and center. If you have the battery percentage indicator enabled in your status bar, when you pull down the notification shade once (revealing the first six tiles of the Quick Settings), next to your battery icon will be the estimated time when your phone will die. This time will adjust based on usage to improve accuracy.

44. Battery Saver Based on Routine

With machine learning analysis of your battery usage, your Android powered phone also knows when you typically would charge your phone during the day. In Android Q, if it determines your battery will die before reaching this normal charging time, it can turn on Battery Saver automatically — how cool is that!?

45. Changes to Music Controls

When listening to music, sometimes the usual playback controls aren't enough. I can think of several times I've want to listen to a specific verse or section of a song and needed to stop what I was doing, unlock my phone, and use the progress bar in my music app to rewind to the exact point I wanted to listen to.

Android 10 changes this by updating the music control notifications to include a song progress bar. Below the usual playback controls, you will also be able to scroll through your favorite song via the scrubber. As usual, the notification is accessible on the lock screen as well, letting you move to a specific section in only a few touches.

46. Smaller Installation Prompt

For those who sideload apps, you are very familiar with the installation prompt. A mostly white page which had the name of the app and an installation bar showing the progress. You might have never thought about it, but there is a lot of wasted space there.

Apparently, the Android team agreed and changed it for Android 10. Now, instead of a full page, a popup appears showing the same information. While it isn't a huge change, it is a much cleaner experience.

(1) Android 9 Pie, (2) Android 10 Q

47. Notifications Options

After some tinkering, it appears the Android team finally settle on the new method to interact with Notifications. Snooze and Notification options are accessed in the same manner as the previous version of Android. However, in Android Q, what different is the new notifications options.

After a partial swipe either left or right on a notification, select the gear icon to reveal the new menu. Here you find two new options, "Prioritized" and "Gentle." Prioritized will adjust its behavior to "Urgent" where future notifications of the same category will make a sound, display an icon on the status bar and appear on the lock screen. Gentle's notifications will appear below standard priority notifications without making a sound.

In addition to new options in the Notification Shade, there is also changes to options in Notification Channel. Instead of "Behavior," there is now the same two options as in the notification shade. The option to pop up on your screen is another a separate toggle and not tied to an action. There also a toggle for the new feature "Bubbles" if the app includes the option.

Under the "Notification" menu (found by selecting Settingsthen "App&Notifications," then "Notifications"), There are now two new features to manage notifications prioritize. The first is "Hide icons from gentle notifications," which will automatically hide "Gentle" notifications. "Automatic Prioritization" will set "Gentle" notifications to the lowest prioritization, pushing them to the lowest part of the notification shade.

48. Hide Notifications When Unlock

Unlike previous versions of Android, Android 10 changes the way notifications can be displayed on the lock screen. In previous versions, the options available were "Show all notification content," "Hide sensitive content," or "Don't show notifications at all." In Android Q, the second options changes to "Show sensitive content only when unlocked."

This small change makes notification operate similar to iOS where you can only read notifications from the phone app, messaging app, and other sensitive material when you unlock your phone using biometrics, alphanumeric passcode, or gesture. This way, while the phone in your hand, you can view all content easily, but are still protected when a new alert appears on your lock screen.

49. Adjust All Volume Levels Anywhere

Android 9 Pie made a bold change in how the volume rocker worked by making the media volume the default action. This was a huge win for those in the Android community who had been asking for this for years. But Google isn't stopping there. With Android 10, Google is making all volume levels even easier to access.

Instead of having to enter Settings for some volume levels, you can now manage the volume of your media, calls, ringer, and alarms from any screen. After pressing the volume rocker to bring up the volume menu, choose the icon at the bottom of the menu. This will bring up a new popup which provides access to each of the manageable volume bars found in the Settings.

50. Switch Between Bluetooth Devices Easier

When your device is connected to multiple Bluetooth Device, Android 10 makes it easier to switch. Instead of having to enter the Bluetooth menu, you can instead press the volume rocker and select the icon at the bottom of the menu, you will see a new menu emerged from the bottom with each Bluetooth device you previously connected and currently connected to. Choose the one you wish to switch to and it will become the main Bluetooth connection.

51. A Revamped Bluetooth Menu

According to XDA, Android Q is getting a revamp to make it easier to use and easier to find things. The new menu shows the battery percentage of each device connect to your device include each earbud and its case. A notification is also being added to display this information as well. What features the Bluetooth manufacturer implement will determine what other features are present in the menu. For example, the Pixel Buds will show the Google Assistant option, let you customize the touch controls on the side of the buds, and even an option to find the device using the new Find My Accessories (coming to Fast Pair headphones soon).

52. Redesigned Icons

This one is a small change. Android made a minor tweak to both the battery and the Wi-Fi icons. Instead of the empty portion being gray, it is now fully transparent with a white outline.

(1) Android 9, (2) Android 10

53. Bubbles

Android has always prioritized multitasking. Since its inception, it's always been easier than other mobile OSes to manage the multiple alerts which arrive on your smartphone. Android 10 will continue this tradition with a new feature known as bubbles.

Bubbles are small icons that can be overlaid over other apps. Once selected, these icons give you quick access to interactions within the app. One example of this is Android Messages. With bubbles, you can continue a conversation with specific contact without having to open the Android Messages app each time. While there's already some inline messaging functionality with notifications, bubbles make interaction even easier, as they operate as a mini version of the app that you can access at any time.

Images by Dallas Thomas/Gadget Hacks

54. Directional & Zoomable Microphones

Developers now have access to a new MicrophoneDirection API which lets them specify a specific direction of the microphone when recording audio. For example, a voice recording app can now direct the microphone nearest your mouth (using the gyroscope to detect the orientation of the phone) for clear recording. Additionally, this same API gives your microphone zooming capabilities, allowing apps to control the recording field dimension.

55. Thermal API

With certain games and app requiring your screen to be on for an extended period, the temperature can quickly rise in your phone. While the SoC does have its own method, the problem is that it affects performance as it slows down the process to generate less heat. In Android 10, Google is giving apps access to the temperature. This way the app can make changes before throttling becomes necessary. For example, a streaming app could reduce the resolution or games could reduce frame rates to keep the temperature well below throttling would kick in.

56. Google Account Button

With the search bar in Settings is a new Google Account button. Similar to Gmail, you can select this icon to switch accounts (if you have more than one Google account synced to your phone), access emergency information, jump into the "About Phone" page, manage Google Pay, and configure your Google Account.

57. Color Fade Animation

When Android 5.0 Lollipop launched, it introduced an animation which faded the colors of your screen to a black and white monochrome when you turned the display off. It was removed after Android 5.1 Lollipop because it caused a memory leak problem.

With Android 10, it's back and better than ever. Not only does your phone fade to monochrome when the screen turns off, but it fades back into color when the screen turns on. It's quick and a little hard to notice, but watch the screen when you hit the power button. It turns monochrome before it goes black. It then it fades from monochrome to full color when you turn the screen on.

Image by Dallas Thomas/Gadget Hacks

58. Preview Live Wallpaper

One of the smaller changes is the ability to preview live wallpaper. By selecting the new checkbox in the upper right corner, you can see how the live wallpaper will animate before setting it for your home screen.

We will continue to update this article as new changes become known. What do you think about Android 10 so far? Are you excited about the new update? Let us know in the comment section below.

Cover image and screenshots by Jon Knight/Gadget Hacks

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