While there is no substitute for a good bicycle mechanic, you can do a lot of regular maintenance and repair at home. However, when you're just starting out, knowing what you really need can be daunting.
Bicycles are funny because there are many special tools that you can use to work with them ̵
Tools: The Essentials
Some tools are required for bicycle maintenance. Others may not be an absolute must, but we'll talk about it soon. Let's take a look at what you definitely want.
A Work Stand
If you've ever tried to work on your bike while it's on the ground you know what an absolute pain that can be. To work properly on your rig, you need the right setup. They must be at eye level, stable and able to spin freely. For this you need a work item.
There are a number of stalls at different prices. And like most things, you get what you pay for. Here are some you might want to try out:
- Bikehand Pro Mechanic Stand ($ 90): If you're just starting out, you might opt for something affordable like this. It should cover all your basic needs, even if cheaper stands with heavier bikes are not stable. If your bike weighs more than 25 pounds, this may not be your best bet.
- Park Tool PSC-9 Stand for Home Mechanic ($ 140): Park Tool is one of the top names in bicycle repair, and its products are always top notch. However, this is the most basic repair condition. You need to build a bit more muscle to get something more robust.
- Feedback Sports Pro Elite Repair Stand (230 USD): If you're looking for a sturdier stand, I can not recommend it. It is incredibly stable, can handle almost any bike, and folds up compactly for easy transport. I used this stand for the routine maintenance of my bikes for at least three years, and it was stable from the ground up.
Now that you have your bike in a good working position, you need some maintenance tools to do your job.
Allen key and torque wrench
Most parts of a bicycle use hex bolts Good set of hex keys to hold on to everything. There is a good chance that you already have a set around the house that you can use.
If you do not, here are some ways to get started:
- TEKTON Long Arm Hex Keys ($ 10): This is about as simple as a set of Allen keys and it's all you need for most applications.
- Park Tool PH-1.2 P-Handle Allen Key ($ 75): If you want more premium, the PH-1.2 is just what you need. They are expensive but more robust than a base set. And you can use the ball end like a T-wrench.
- Park Tool AWS-3 3-Way Allen Wrench ($ 11.50): For the most basic tasks, it is helpful to have a simple 3-way Allen key, even with the Allen key around. The ergonomic handle makes it faster and easier to use than a regular Allen key. This is my first choice for frequent changes to areas such as the Binder for Stem and Seatposts. Note that there are two versions of the AWS-3: one with smaller 2, 2.5 and 3 heads; and one with later 4, 5 and 6 sizes. They want the latter for most tasks.
I also recommend investing in a torque wrench. Almost every screw on a bike has a torque (that is, how tightly each screw should be turned down). If you miss this sweet spot, it can be harmful to both the components and you. If you do not wear it tight enough, there is a risk of slipping. If you put it too tight, you risk damaging important components or expensive parts.
The most common parts of a bicycle that you need to make changes to are the handlebars and the seat post clamp. Both usually have torques of 4 to 6 Nm (Newton meters). The good news is that there are many wrenches covering the full spectrum:
- Park Tool ATD-1 Adjustable Torque Wrench (65 USD): This adjustable wrench works in half-inch increments between 4 and 6, is quite versatile and covers many of the smaller screws on a bike. It comes with three different bits and is therefore useful in different places.
- Pro Bike Tool Torque Wrench ($ 40): This key is not as adjustable as the Park Tool model with options for 4, 5, and 6 (no half-inch options), but should be in do the trick in most cases.
- Pro Bike 1/4-Inch Click Torque Wrench ($ 67): This is a micro-adjustable wrench with a range of 2-20 Nm. This is a super versatile wrench for about the same price as the basic model from Park Tool. Remember, however, that it's a much larger wrench, so it does not work so well in confined spaces.
Given the key situation, there is another important tool that I think is an absolute must for the home user.  A good tape measure
When you change components such as the handlebar, stem, seatpost, or saddle, you'll need to do some basic measurements to make sure you get the new stuff in the right place. For that you need a good measuring tape.
When it comes to bikes, most things are measured by the metric system because it's simply more accurate than the imperial one (and generally more meaningful). Here are my tips for both:
Your bike has tires. Tires need air. So you need a pump. Seriously, you need to check your tire pressure before each ride. I know that seems exaggerated, but high-pressure tires (like racing tires) lose air faster than tires. There are many variables here, but ultimately it helps to check the tire pressure before each ride to prevent the tires from getting trapped. As for the pressure you should be running, this is a completely different conversation.
For most home applications, a regular old floor pump is everything you need. Here are some with which I was very lucky:
- Topeak Joe Blow Max ($ 35): I have had this pump for several years and it's still strong. It's still my first choice if I check the tire pressure regularly.
- Serfas Digital Pump ($ 75): For the most accurate reading possible, this Serfas digital pump is just right for you. At first I thought it was more of a novelty, but after a while, I was sold. It is a killer pump.
Now that you have all the tools on hand, you can talk about disposable care products – lubricants, detergents, degreasers and all the best!
Other Needs: Lubricant, Degreaser, and Bicycle Wash
Proper maintenance of the bike not only means tightening the bolts from time to time – it also cleans the thing! Special attention should be given to the powertrain (ie chain, gears, chainrings and cranks). This includes regular lubrication and degreasing.
If you've lubricated your chain with WD-40, stop. Keep the WD-40 off your bike Need Genuine Chain Lubricant.
Why? Since WD-40 is not even a lubricant, it's more of a degreaser (and not even a good one), which is the opposite of lubricant There are two main types of lubrication: wet Now, stay here with me, as this can get a bit confusing, wet lubricants are designed for wet conditions, while dry lubricants are used for dry, dusty conditions. "Wild, right?  If you do not live in a very humid environment – you know where it rains more often than not – you probably need a dry lubricant. The good news is that there are tons choices. Here are some of my favorites:
- WD-40 Wet Lube (9 USD): Yes, WD-40 has a number of bicycle lubricants and they are great.
- WD-40 Dry Lube (9 USD): It comes dry too!
- Rock N Roll Gold (8 USD): This has been my favorite lubricant for years. It is a great balance between dry and wet as it is suitable for all conditions (except the most extreme ones).
- Rock N Roll Absolute Dry ($ 8): One of the "fastest" available lubricants. That is, it offers less resistance than any other. The problem? It wears off quickly so you need to replace it more frequently.
- Rock N Roll Extreme (8 USD): This is Rock N Rolls wet lubricating oil. It is really designed for extreme conditions. So if you want to drive during a monsoon, you want this.
While we're talking about lubricants, you may be wondering how often you should apply this lubricant. The general rule is about every 100 miles or so, but immediately after every wet ride. That should extend the life of your chain.
For good chain maintenance, you must occasionally degrease the thing. (every 500 miles is the recommendation). For that you need a good degreaser. There are two different types of degreaser: aerosol and spouts. The former comes in a pressurized aerosol can – you know, like paint or hairspray – while the latter is just an open can that you pour directly onto a rag.
Here are some of the best options currently available:  WD-40 Bicycle Chain Degreaser ($ 7): Remember, as I said, WD-40 is more of a Degreaser is a lubricant? Well, even then it's a pretty lousy degreaser. For this reason, WD-40 also manufactures a product specifically for bicycle chains.
a chain cleaning tool.
While aerosol degreasers are great for quickly spraying and cleaning the chain, there's a better way – a chain cleaner. You load this thing with degreaser, put it on the chain and then turn the crank backwards. It degreases the chain quickly and easily completely and saves you a lot of time and effort. It's great – and cheap!
Here are my tips for the best chain-cleaning tools available today:
- White Lightning Bicycle Chain Cleaning Kit (15 USD): I have the following and the work is done. I wonder how well it keeps up with time and repeated use, but it was fine if I used it a couple of times.
- Park Tool CM-5.2 Cyclone Chain Cleaner ($ 26): This is almost double the price of the White Lightning option, but I would bet it's a bit more robust. Park does things for the long haul.
- Pedro's Chainpig II Chain Cleaner ( $ 24): Another trusted name in bicycle repair, so this is a good name. Besides, it looks like a pig, and that's just cool.
Remember, if you have one of these you need a good degreaser (instead of an aerosol).
After all, you need to find a way to keep the rest of your bike clean. While you could simply jerk it off and use some detergent for cleaning, a special bicycle wash is better. Check It:
- WD-40 All-Purpose Bicycle Wash (9 USD): WD-40 is in on the bike care scene and this wash is fantastic. I have been using it for a while and it cuts off grease, dirt and road scraps to keep my bikes looking good. Plus, it's cheap!
- White Lightning Wash & Shine ($ 11): White Lightning does a lot of good stuff, and this bike wash is no exception.
- Finish Line Super Bike Wash ($ 13): I used this stuff for years and it does the job.
- Muc-Off Nano Tech Bike Cleaner ($ 17): As I said earlier, Muc-Out does some of the best things in the game, and this Nano Tech cleaner is just right for high quality cleaners.
- Muc-Off Bike Protector ($ 16): If you want to take your bike cleaning game to the next level, you can also apply some of it after washing.