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HarmonyOS: What about Huawei's Android replacement OS?



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Information about the operating system developed by Huawei itself has been fragmented.


Angela Lang / CNET

It has been whispered that Huawei created its own operating system for phones, tablets and other smart devices a precautionary measure in the event that it loses access to Google's Android software , And the Chinese company confirmed this on Friday at its Huawei Developer Conference, where it officially unveiled the new operating system HarmonyOS a cross-device platform previously known as HongMeng.

At HDC, Richard Yu said: HarmonyOS, Huawei's CEO, said that HarmonyOS is ready to run on mobile phones if the company can not use Android. However, Huawei will not use it "for reasons of partnership and the ecosystem".

The badly malicious Huawei may have been working on the new operating system since 2012. However, reports of HarmonyOS were hot in the wake of the US government which blacklisted Huawei in May. The company was added to the Ministry of Commerce's "Entity List" after President Donald Trump had ordered that it effectively banished from the US communications networks due to the alleged ties of Huawei with the Chinese government . , The ban means that Huawei can not buy or use technology or products from US companies.

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Huawei's CEO, Richard Yu, said that HarmonyOS will be like Android's Open Source.


Fred Dufour / Getty Images

What is HarmonyOS?

Yu said that HarmonyOS, like Android, will be open source, allowing developers to modify it for their hardware and unlock the potential for broader platform adoption. According to Yu, migration from Android to HarmonyOS will take a few days, and the cross-device operating system will support a variety of app languages, including Android, Linux, and HTML5.

Earlier, Huawei expressed some uncertainty about his ability to use Android in future devices as it waited for clearance from the Department of Commerce following the Trump Administration's restrictions.

Huawei manager Catherine Chen admitted last month that HarmonyOS is being built, but said it is not intended for phones ]. It said it was originally designed for Internet of Things (IoT) devices like smart TVs and contains far fewer lines of code than a phone operating system.

Huawei founder and CEO Ren Zhengfei reportedly agreed with the IoT point, but boasted that Homegrown OS is about 60% faster than Android – suggesting that it actually was made for cell phones. Ren also said that HarmonyOS devices need their own app store, from which we have heard some hints.

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What does the US ban on HarmonyOS have to do with it?

Google suspended Huawei devices because of the US ban on Android updates . The Department of Commerce issued a three-month general license to Huawei at the end of May to update existing equipment. In the following weeks, Huawei had apparently registered the name "Hongmeng" in China and Peru suggesting that the company is preparing for a move away from Android.

On August 9, Trump said the US would not do business with China, but the White House reportedly later said the president was referring to a separate ban on federal agencies buying telecommunications and video surveillance equipment from the company. Earlier on Friday, there were reports that the US was forced to delay licensing companies seeking to resume their sale to Huawei because of trading tensions.

What are the technical specifications for HarmonyOS?

In a Friday publication, Huawei stated that HarmonyOS will contain four different technical features:

– Machine learning was used to increase the speed at which the operating system itself runs and app speeds become one Increase of up to 25.7% received.

– The operating system can be used on different devices. These include phones, tablets, wearables, TVs, computers and more.

– A new microkernel design and Trusted Execution Environment increase security.

– The operating system comes with a new developer tool that can be used to build compatible apps that work across devices. [19659031] What do we know about the Huawei App Store?

In June, Google Play Store developers will be asked to post apps in its AppGallery . An anonymous developer posted an email that Huawei apparently sent, providing support for transition and free access to the Huawei developer portal.

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According to Huawei, the speed of apps will increase by up to 25.7%.


Fred Dufour / Getty Images

When will the first HarmonyOS devices hit the market?

HarmonyOS will be available for smart TVs and other "smart-screen" devices from 2019

The first HarmonyOS-powered phone this year was released in a report this week . It will apparently power a device with a budget of 2,000 yuan (about $ 290), while flagship series like Mate and Pro will remain on Android. An earlier report announced the international launch of HarmonyOS for 2020.

Huawei also announced details of forthcoming updates to EMUI 10, the modified version of Android (formerly known as Emotion UI), which it is holding on for now.

The upcoming Mate 30 phone comes with the software and underlines the cross-device compatibility. EMUI 10 phone users can receive calls through Smart TV integration and transfer their phone screen to a laptop display. The phones are also designed for integration with drones and cars.

"Using software, we're connecting laptop and phone to a new device," said Wang Chenglu, head of Huawei software.

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Huawei unveiled its new HarmonyOS Operating system on 9th of August.


Fred Dufour / Getty Images

How difficult is it to launch a new platform?

It's incredibly difficult to start a new operating system platform from scratch and get developers behind it. Developers are flocking to huge user bases, and right now these are Apple's iOS and Google's Android.

Other famous players have made the attempt. Microsoft has tried in vain to make Windows Phone a thing, but it finally pulled the plug on the platform. Samsung has been driving Tizen for years, but it's largely banned from its smartwatch.

Even BlackBerry with an established base of smartphone users tried and failed to launch a modern, app-based operating system. It finally gave it up for Android.

Can Huawei expect things to change?

Huawei is a massive player with the second largest market share of smartphones, so it would be unwise to completely shut down HarmonyOS.

In recent years, thanks to the huge customer base, entire platforms and systems have sprung up in China. Even if Harmony does not prevail overseas, there may be enough Chinese users to drive development.

However, there is still a tough battle ahead.

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