The entertainment industry has spent a lot of money creating and enforcing copyright protection for its content. The copy protection prevents occasional copying to other media such as hard disks, NAS boxes or USB sticks. it makes it difficult to make legal backup copies of the digital media we buy (not to rent); and it increases the price of disc players, streaming devices and televisions. It is also known that copy protection causes interoperability problems.
For those who would never consider stealing the stuff, this is just a pain in the Dereire. Saving all your movies to a hard drive or NAS box running a media server like Plex makes it much easier to access your devices from anywhere. We'll show you how to ease the pain in a moment, but Hollywood would make you believe it's unnecessary.
And Hollywood has developed various systems to meet consumers' legitimate expectations of securing, streaming, and otherwise exploiting digital films and television programs they have paid for on the Route to stay. For example, if you purchased a Blu-ray Disc and redeemed the included UltraViolet code, you will lose access to this digital locker system on July 31
Disney has also closed the Disney Movies Anywhere service for DVD and DVD Blu-ray discs in 2018, but then partnered with several other movie studios to create the Movies Anywhere service, which allows you to shop online Play movies online or on disc (if the discs were supplied with an UltraViolet or Disney Movies Anywhere access code)) on a variety of online services and devices, such as the Internet. B. Roku set-top boxes.
It's great that the industry is responding to consumer demand and there's no extra cost for using movies Anywhere, but there is no guarantee that the service will be permanently available. The good news for consumers is that despite the tremendous resources that the industry has invested in Digital Rights Management (DRM), any previous copyright system has been cracked or circumvented, including the latest: AACS 2.0. Yup. Ultra HD Blu-ray discs can be copied. Not as easy as the rest, but it is feasible.
The Letter of the Law
However, you may want to know that it is perfectly legal to make copies of your digital media, the letter of the law states that it is forbidden to disable the encryption to do so. The law in question is the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA). It's a mystery: to do something legal, you have to do something that's illegal first. However, it is highly unlikely that the FBI will show up at your doorstep if you start archiving the CDs you own (Disclaimer: I am not a solicitor, do not take this as legal advice). Start by sharing this content on the Internet on the other side, and all bets are disabled.
Against this background, here's a handy guide to backing up the digital movies and shows you own.
The Tools You Need for Ripping Discs
To be honest, this was the case So long that I've been studying ripping, at the beginning of this article, I still had the impression that the AACS 2.0 copy protection of Ultra HD Blu-ray is still indestructible Hah! Will I ever learn anything?
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You can create an Ultra HD Blu-ray Disc. copy ray-disc (rip, in more common usage) annoyance compared to other media You own or buy one of the few drives that support the process. I will not list them all here, but they are easy to find online (just search for the term "ultra hd blu-ray friendly drive"). These are essentially drives that read the larger BDXL discs, support AACS 1.0, but do not support AACS 2.0 support. There are some of these devices, but they have a certain age and a revision of the firmware.
We had two models of this type in our lab, but both had the wrong firmware. In addition, purchasing one of these new components may require downgrading the firmware . (The industry does not sleep). This may also require a hacked utility or a third-party utility. In some cases, you may need to remove an external drive from the chassis and connect the empty drive to your PC's SATA bus.
Backing up a disc is a lot of work, but there will soon be a workaround for all BDXL drives, including newer types that support AACS 2.0. In the meantime, if you have a capable drive, welcome MakeMKV (more on this program soon). Ultra HD Blu-ray uses standard Blu-ray media and stores different data in a slightly different way.
There is also a Russian company, Arusoft, which has developed a ripper software called DeUHD, which supposedly works with drives that supports AACS 2.0. Unfortunately I had no luck with the trial version and the Ultra HD Blu-ray Disc Deadpool . To be honest, the problem might be the software I tried to play the ribs with. To play a 4K UHD video requires a relatively new PC and a new GPU.
DeUHD is not cheap: for a lifetime license, it costs 99 euros, plus you need one of the Ultra HD Blu-Ray drives with which it is compatible. There is also a $ 60 (about $ 69) release that apparently entitles you to updates for the latest movie updates for six months after purchase (the software will continue to work with all software-supported movies until the six-month date ends). , Each update brings more supported titles, but you are at the mercy of the existence of the company. If they disappear, you can only back up discs for which they have already added support.
MakeMKV can rip all Blu-ray discs on its own and with the MakeMKV can also rip Ultra HD Blu-ray discs with the right keys.There are a list of these keys online, but I can not point them out Look for "MakeMKV hash keys" and they should be in good condition.  MKV (Matroska) is an open-source multimedia container format (for personal use) that is supported by a nonprofit organization in France that could use multimedia containers like envelopes with lots of audio, video and video Subtitle streams, chapter entries, menus, metadata, and m MKV files are not only a cross-platform container format, but can also be streamed over the Internet as well as over your home network. MakeMKV can also transcode decrypted video into other formats so you can play it on devices that do not support MKVs.
Reducing Memory Requirements
DVD rips can be large and Blu-ray and especially Ultra HD Blu-Ray rips can be very large. The latter starts at 10 gigabytes and increases with distributed Ultra HD Blu-ray media up to 100 GB. These size examples could get even bigger on the road; With UHD Blu-ray 300 GB discs are possible. Streaming over a network or even a hard disk is a lot of work, and it takes up a lot of hard disk space on a computer or Network Attached Storage (NAS) box. By recompressing the video with a more efficient codec, such as X.265, the file size can be reduced by half or more, and the resulting files have virtually no visual impact.
DVDs, Blu-ray and Ultra HD Blu-Ray discs usually have soundtracks in multiple languages and are available with various codecs (Dolby, DTS, Dolby TrueHD, DTS HD Master Audio, etc.), trailers to other films and of course ubiquitous FBI Pirate alerts coded. With MakeMKV, you can omit any content that you do not want to keep in your archive, further reducing memory requirements.
Not every media player can work with MKV files, but there are many programs that convert MKVs (and other containers and formats) into what you need. Handbrake (open source and free) is one of our favorites; In fact, we use it here in our laboratory to benchmark PCs and laptops. The more powerful the computer, the faster files are transcoded.
Is ripping CDs worth your time?
Of course, all this discussion is controversial if you do not have the need. Film discs are long lasting (as long as they are not badly scratched, almost always and with a very low failure rate compared to humans.) On the other hand, your DVDs and Blu-rays need to be stored on a hard drive or the NAS box can be an absolute delight its: just click, play and go. This assumes, of course, that your TV can be played from a USB drive or your home network (most newer middle-class and higher-end devices can do that.) 19659002] Only you know if a backup project is worthwhile. Depending on the disc player, the backup process can take anywhere from 45 minutes to several hours. I would say, at least for your favorite movies or shows. This is probably the guy to look at again. For most of Hollywood's output, I often wish I'd never seen it or wasted the money on the disc. Fortunately, San Francisco recycles optical media.
You can also copy video cassettes
Some people still have video cassettes of one form or another and though it is s Some titles are available only in this format. In many families, home videos are also stored on this medium.
In most cases, copying a videocassette is merely a question of the cable from the relevant playback device – such as a VCR or camcorder – to a video capture card on your computer. However, there was a protection scheme called Macrovision where pseudo-sync and faux-color burst signals were inserted into the video output to confuse the automatic gain control and chroma processing on any VCR you are trying to dub onto a tape. Sometimes it worked, sometimes not. I had a beta max that was hardly ever confused.
Most video-to-PC capture hardware is immune, so almost always old VHS tapes can be ripped to your PC. However, the DVD catalog is almost complete nowadays, and if you buy the disc, you will usually get a better copy and save a few hours. Copying is done in real-time, so you can only record the video as fast as it is played on the VCR.
I have used the Hauppauge USB-Live2 pictured above and can vouch for it, but there are a variety of USB capture devices available for much less online.
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