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How to grow vegetables without a backyard



Longing in the apartment, I long for a backyard where I can have sprawling plant beds, fruit trees and huge flower pots. But I do not have to put these dreams on ice.

With a container garden I can use the small outdoor space to grow fruits, vegetables and herbs. Whether you have a few meters of balcony or a few inches on your counter, you can also create a container garden.

Read more: Plant a Better Garden with our Gardening Garden Guide

Start with Container Gardening

Container gardening, simply put, planting in containers or pots, rather than in the ground. If your garden is nothing but a concrete slab or you do not have any, then container gardening will help.

Container horticulture offers great advantages: you need less water, you can rearrange plants to cover their sunlight requirements, and you can control pests and avoid soil-borne problems such as fungi and bacteria. They are also flexible and allow you to add plants and rearrange pots to your liking.

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Just a little bit of counter space is enough to grow herbs.


Sarah Mitroff / CNET

Sunlight is crucial

Before you buy plants, you should take stock of the light conditions you have. Does your balcony, terrace or windowsill receive several hours of sun each day?

Most fruits and vegetables require at least 6 hours of sunlight. Leafy vegetables, root plants (such as shallots or radishes) and herbs can get away with 3 to 4 hours.

What grows good in a container garden?

Now is the time to consider how much room you have for your container garden. Some plants require large pots and plenty of room to grow, while others can be easily confined to a countertop.

If you have a balcony, patio, or other outdoor space

Here you are limited only by the space you have. Pick plants that grow well in your climate zone and you'll be rewarded with fresh fruits and vegetables.

What best grows outdoors:

  • Large and large plants such as tomatoes, peppers, melons and squash
  • Plants that spread, such as strawberries, beans and cucumbers.
  • Small fruit trees, including apple, lemon or even avocado
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With the right amount of space, you can grow fruit trees in a container garden.


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If you only have room in the interior or a few centimeters worktop

Even without outdoor space, you can still successfully grow a home garden. Many plants do well inside, provided they have access to the right amount of light.

These plants can thrive indoors:

  • All kinds of salad and leafy vegetables.
  • Root plants such as green onions, carrots and ginger.
  • mushrooms.
  • Basil, coriander, parsley, mint, chives and almost all other herbs.

More tips for horticulture

If your plants need a lot to take care of the sun, use plastic cups. They retain moisture better than terracotta pots, are much lighter and will not break easily.

You can start your garden from seed, but you'll find it's easier to buy already established plants. This is especially true for any type of fruit tree, tomatoes, eggplants, peppers and basil.

Large plants such as tomatoes, cucumbers and squash need large pots to grow into. Some vegetables, such as tomatoes and green beans, will require trellises or cages to help them grow.

With a little space, a few containers and the right plants, you have everything you need to create a mini farmer's market at home.

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