Every time you hitit pumps blood through your circulatory system and puts pressure on your blood vessels ̵
But there can always be too much good, right? High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, occurs when the force against the walls of your blood vessel becomes too high. This can topple your heart and cause serious health problems like heart attack and stroke.
The scary thing is that hypertension usually does not cause any symptoms. In fact, it is so symptomless that it is nicknamed the "silent murderer". People who are exposed to a high blood pressure risk should know their blood pressure exactly. Even if you are generally healthy and have no familial hypertension, it is always worth checking your blood pressure.
Since you probably do not go to the doctor's office every day, every week, or every month for a check-up, here's a handy guide to monitoring your blood pressure at home.
How to use a blood pressure cuff at home
You can inflate a manual sphygmomanometer with a hand pump at any time and count the Korotkoff noises in your head] Are these days so readily available? They also do not have to be expensive: some models sell for.
Also, it is much more likely that you will get an accurate blood pressure reading when using a digital cuff – there is less room for error. To measure your blood pressure at home with a digital blood pressure monitor, you simply need to do the following:
1. Slide the blood pressure cuff onto your upper arm and secure it so that it sits about 2.5 cm above the elbow fold.
. 2 If you have an automatic model, just press the button that inflates the cuff. If you have a manual model, use the hand pump to inflate the cuff.
. 3 After the cuff is fully inflated, the air automatically flows out again.
. 4 Look at the screen to measure your blood pressure.
. 5 If you need to repeat the measurement, wait a few minutes before taking a new measurement.
Theare automatic, accurate and comply with the standards of the American Heart Association (AHA). If you are in the market, be sure to look for these .
Tips for Accurate Blood Pressure Measurement
To accurately monitor your blood pressure over a long period of time, do not always drop yourself onto a chair when taking a measurement. Instead, you should implement some simple procedures to ensure accuracy.
. 1 Take your blood pressure at the same time each time you take a new shot.
. 2 Avoid caffeine and alcohol at least 30 minutes before reading.
. 3 Avoid exercising within 30 minutes of taking blood pressure.
. 4 Sit down and stay calm during the measurement.
. 5 Take several measurements and record all results with date and time.
. 6 Do not wear the blood pressure cuff over clothing.
Manual reading of blood pressure
Manual reading of blood pressure is not complicated but should be done by a trained doctor. If you want to measure your blood pressure at home, you should use a digital blood pressure cuff to avoid user errors that can lead to unreliable readings.
What is a Healthy Blood Pressure?
According to AHA, a healthy blood pressure is one that stays below 120/80 mmHg.
Understanding blood pressure readings
Blood pressure readings are written as two numbers. It usually looks like a break followed by the letters "mmHg". For example, 120/80 mmHg.
The first number is your systolic blood pressure, which refers to the pressure in your blood vessels when your heart beats. The second number is your diastolic blood pressure, which refers to the pressure in your blood when your heart rests between two strokes.
"mmHg" stands for "millimeters of mercury". Doctors used mercury in the first accurate blood pressure monitors, and the device has remained the standard for measurements.
Each time you measure your blood pressure, the reading falls into one of five categories. Here is a breakdown of the different blood pressure categories.
Normal: Less than 120/80 mmHg. You're doing great! Eat healthy and exercise regularly.
Increases (preload): 120-129 systolic and below 80 mmHg. Example: 125/75 mmHg. Make a few small changes to your lifestyle, such as: For example, adding aerobic exercise to your daily routine and maintaining stress levels to reduce the risk of high blood pressure.
Hypertension stage 1: 130 to 139 systolic or 80-89 diastolic. Examples: 131/75 mmHg and 127/85 mmHg. Doctors prescribe lifestyle changes and possibly medications at this stage, depending on your risk for atherosclerotic and cardiovascular disease.
Hypertension stage 2: Systolic of 140 or higher or diastolic of 90 or higher. Examples: 140/80 mmHg and 130/100 mmHg. Doctors are almost certainly prescribing medications to keep your blood pressure under control, as well as lifestyle changes to naturally lower your blood pressure. It is really important to maintain healthy habits when you have reached this stage of hypertension.
Hypertensive crisis: Systolic higher than 180 and / or diastolic higher than 120. Requires immediate medical attention. If your reading suddenly exceeds these values, wait five minutes and repeat the test. If the reading does not decrease, call your doctor immediately.
If your reading exceeds these levels, and you also have symptoms such as chest pain or dizziness, do not wait for a new measurement – see a doctor immediately.
The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended to be considered as health or medical advice. Always consult a doctor or other qualified healthcare provider if you have questions about a disease or health goals.