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Home / Tips and Tricks / How to Partition a Hard Disk | News & Opinion

How to Partition a Hard Disk | News & Opinion

Ever wished you could divide your hard drive into two parts? You may want to encrypt a portion of your sensitive file drive, or you may want to use dual-boot Linux in addition to Windows. It's really easy to do, and all the tools you need are built right into Windows.

This process is referred to as partitioning of your drive, and in fact your drive is probably partitioned outside the box: the majority The drive is C: partitioned, but most PCs have it even a small "recovery" partition that will allow you to fix your system in case something goes wrong. If you do not use all the space on your C: drive, you can divide it into multiple partitions for other purposes.

Should you be partitioning?

Splitting your drive seems convenient, but it's not always the ideal solution for your problem. For example, if you want to encrypt files, it may be easier to create a virtual disk with a program such as VeraCrypt than with partitioning. However, partitioning allows the use of Windows BitLocker [1

9659006] to encrypt an entire third party software partition.

Similarly, partitioning allows you to assign one part of your drive to Windows, and another to all your music, video, and other files. They are not deleted when you reinstall your operating system. This is convenient, but it can cause as many problems as it resolves – for example, if the space on one partition runs out and there is too much space on the other.

If you do not have Partition your drive, check the pros and cons before proceeding. When you're done partitioning or doing something that requires partitioning, such as: For example, a dual-boot operation of your computer, then read on.

Check for free space and back up your PC

  Check for free space and back up your PC

First, open Windows Explorer, and make sure you have enough have free space for the partition you want to create. Click "This PC" in the sidebar and look at the C: drive. When it's nearly full, you can not create a new partition, and either you'll need to free up some disk space [19659006] or buy a new disk.

If you have some free space, make sure it's sufficient – we can not tell you how much you need for what you do, but make sure you have enough space to give you some room to breathe extension.

Before you partition your drive, back up your data. Playing with partitions always carries a low risk that you delete the wrong and lose some files. Therefore, do not start this procedure before backing up the drive. Here are some backup services we recommend. & # 39;

Shrinking the Drive C: Drive

Click the Start menu and enter "Partitions". There should be an option to create and format disk partitions. Select it and wait for the window to load. You will get a list of drives and their partitions with a graphical view at the bottom.

Most computers look something like the picture above: a recovery partition at the beginning, a small 100 MB partition containing boot information stored, and your C: partition occupying most of the drive That this graph is not to scale). To create a new partition, you must first shrink the C: partition. Right-click on it and select "Decrease Volume".

 Shrink the C: Drive

In windows you will see a somewhat confusing window asking for space in megabytes you want to become free ( 100,000 MB = 100 GB). By default, your drive is set to shrink as much as Windows allows. However, you can enter a lower number to free up less space. Make sure you have enough space to accommodate the files you want to put on the second partition and some additional files. Click the Zoom Out button and wait for Windows to finish its work.

 Shrink Volume C Drive

Format the New Partition

After you have scaled down your C: partition, Disk Management becomes a new unallocated space appears at the end of your drive. Right-click on it and select "New Simple Volume" to create your new partition. Click through the wizard and assign it the drive letter, label, and format of your choice.

 Format New Partition

If you can format the partition from Windows as NTFS. However, if you want to share this data with other operating systems, such as Mac OS or Linux, you should choose ExFAT, which can be read and written by other platforms. If you install another operating system on this partition, it does not matter how you format it because the operating system installer will probably reformat it anyway. When you're done, you should see that the new partition appears in Windows Explorer, and you can do whatever you want with it.

 Partitioning Assistant

Keep in mind, however, that while Windows displays the partitions as multiple hard drives, it is still on a hard drive. So if the hard drive fails, all will fail all partitions. Keep both partitions backed up regularly so you do not lose any data.

If You Have Problems, Try a Third-Party Tool

  Partition Tool

Unfortunately partitioning a drive does not always go smoothly. There may be immobile files at the end of the hard disk, and you can not shrink the existing partition. Or perhaps your drive has accumulated a number of recovery partitions where you can not erase Windows's disk management.

We can not address every possible problem here, but if you run into a wall, you may want to try a third-party utility such as the MiniTool Partition Wizard . These programs are usually slightly more powerful than the built-in Windows options. However, certain features can cost you money. If you're not careful, you can lose data. As always, make sure you get started with the drive and you should be fine.

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