قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home / Tips and Tricks / How to Protect Your Smarthome from Attacks

How to Protect Your Smarthome from Attacks



  Symbol for security and protection of smart homes.
Aleksandra Sova / Shutterstock

Every new device you introduce into your Smart Home is another device that can be attacked. You can secure your Smarthome with simple steps such as locking your router and taking care of the devices in your smarthome.

Get started with your router

  Close up modern wireless router
Proxima Studio / Shutterstock [19659003] Most smarthome devices require Internet access to function properly. Not all devices connect directly to the Internet (such as Z-Wave lamps), but those that do not normally connect to a hub or other device to access the Internet. In many ways, the most important point of the vulnerability is your router.

And securing your router should be your first step. You should change your default administrator password to access the router. Update the firmware of the router if it is outdated and enable encryption. Always use a complicated password that is unique to your wireless router. With a standard router (not a mesh router) you can do all this through the web interface of the router. All you have to do is find out the IP address of your router. On the other hand, mesh routers do not have a web interface. You make the changes through an app.

If the manufacturer of your router does not offer new firmware, you should consider replacing it. While we usually say that most people do not need a mesh router for their homes, Smarthomes benefit from them. You get better coverage for all your Wi-Fi devices, and most mesh routers automatically update the firmware and offer additional protection services as a subscription.

RELATED: Back Up Your Wireless Router: 8 Things You Can Do Currently

Use unique passwords for each device.

  The Dashlane UI displays the password status.
Password managers are not just for websites. They also have other useful features. Dashlane

Many smarthome devices require a password when you set them up. Typically, you'll need to download an app and create a user account. In some cases, such as Z-Wave bulbs, you create a single account for a hub that can be used with multiple devices.

Every device you create an account for should have a unique, complicated password. If you reuse passwords for services and smarthome devices, there is a risk that a single vulnerable unit will result in additional vulnerabilities in your home.

If you are not already doing so, consider using a password manager. Using services like LastPass or Dashlane, you can create and manage long and complicated passwords. You can imagine that password managers only serve to store website credentials. However, you can store any type of password in it. You can also save secure notes, files, bookmarks, and more in a password manager.

RELATED: Why You Should Use a Password Manager and Getting Started

Factor Authentication, Wherever Available

  An open padlock with a key inserted.
dnd_project / Shutterstock

Two-factor authentication provides an extra level of security beyond the simple password. For two-factor authentication, you provide additional credentials after entering your password. This is usually done in the form of a code that is either randomly generated by a phone app or sent to you by text or phone call.

Unfortunately, offering two-factor authentication is not very common among smart home devices. Both Nest and Wyze now offer two-factor authentication. Security cameras are the most likely devices for two-factor authentication, and you should definitely use them with them. As a pair has discovered, it may be easier for an attacker to use stolen credentials to log in to the accounts associated with their smarthome devices, rather than trying to break your router. Two-factor authentication can help prevent this.

Enable the apps associated with your smart devices whenever possible. We recommend pairing two-factor authentication with an authentication app such as Google Authenticator for iOS and Android.

RELATED: What is two-factor authentication and why do I need it?

Update Firmware Regularly on All Your Devices

Just as with your router, you should regularly update the firmware for all your smarthome devices. Firmware is essentially the software built into your hardware – it determines the features and capabilities of your hardware. Manufacturers frequently find problems and fix them, often adding new features.

In general, you can update most smarthome devices through an app. These include Z-Wave and ZigBee gadgets that connect you to a Smart Hub. You are looking for these updates in the Smart Hub app.

If the manufacturer no longer supports a SmartHome device that you have installed, you should replace it as soon as possible. If you are not sure, visit the manufacturer's website.

RELATED: What is firmware or microcode and how can I update my hardware?

Buy only from reputable, well-known companies [19659035] Amazon search results with over 20 smart plugs. "width =" 650 "height =" 400 "src =" /pagespeed_static/1.JiBnMqyl6S.gif "onload =" pagespeed.lazyLoadImages.loadIfVisibleAndMaybeBeacon (this); "onerror =" this.onerror = null; pagespeed.lazyLoadImages.loadIfVisibleAndMaybeBeacon (this); "/>
So many smart plugs.

If you search Amazon for Smart Plugs, you'll find dozens of options from dozens of manufacturers, and you may be completely unaware of some of which you may have heard of It may be tempting to choose the cheapest option that offers the features you want, but you should first look at the business.

The smartest device you integrate into your home communicates with servers in the cloud The question is, "Who owns these servers?" When you look at a recently released product from an unknown manufacturer, you can not be sure of where it communicates unless someone tests it If you are an explorers of the challenge, you probably should not be a guinea pig.

In addition, the biggest problem with Smarthomes is that your devices may stop working. The company can go under, disappear, or decide to move to a newer product and discontinue support.
Sticking to a big, well-known company does not guarantee that this is not the case, as you can see when Lowe killed Iris. But what you get is a track record that you need to review. If you look at the history of the company, you can see how profitable it is and if the company only supports its products for months or even years.

And with an established history, you can even see how a company deals with mistakes. Wyze, the manufacturer of some of the cheapest smarthome products you can ask, has encountered a problem where camera traffic has been routed through servers in China. The company explained what happened, why it happened and how it should be fixed.

You may not like it, but at least you know that you can make an informed buying decision about the product, and that's the point. If you found a product from a new manufacturer, try getting reviews from multiple websites. If you can only find Amazon reviews, check Fakespot to see if the reviews are genuine. Try to find a history before you make the purchase. If you can not find established reports and reviews, skip the gadget.

CONNECTION: The Smarthome setup may be damaged and you can not help it.

Do not access your Smarthome from public Wi-Fi

Just as you should not check your bank account from public Wi-Fi, you can avoid accessing your Smart Home via public Wi-Fi. Even if you're sure you're a legitimate Wi-Fi network, potentially exposing the devices in your home to anyone who listens. In public Wi-Fi networks, you should not take any sensitive action.

If necessary Use either a device with LTE (like your phone) or a personal virtual private network (VPN) to remotely access your home to establish a secure connection.

RELATED: Why Using a Public Wi- The Fi network can be dangerous even if you access encrypted websites


Source link