If you collect a large collection of DVDs and Blu-ray Discs, you should consider digitizing these bad guys so they can be used anywhere on your phone, computer or computer Tablet can be viewed anytime. (If you have a backup, you do not need to worry about repairing a scratched DVD or CD.) The process is not complicated if you are familiar with some basic software, but we will guide you through the process to make it as easy as possible.
If the work is copyrighted, it is technically illegal, even if it belongs to you. To be clear, we do not endorse or encourage the unlawful copying and / or copying of copyrighted material. That is, if you have home videos (or, really, anything that is not copyrighted), you can do what you want, and that includes digitizing as well.
What You Need to Rip a DVD [1
9659005] Some of them seem obvious, but it's important to list everything you need:
- Your DVD or Blu-ray (s)
- A DVD or Blu-ray drive on your computer – you won't take anything off without someone. If your computer does not have the right drive, an external DVD or good Blu-ray drive can be purchased for only $ 25.
- Enough disk space to store the ripped files. A Blu-ray makes a huge file, so we recommend having between 30 and 60 GB of free hard disk space if you want to copy one
- A program to rip files. We will use MakeMKV in this guide, which is available for both PC and Mac.
- A program to recode the file after it has been ripped. We recommend Handbrake, which is also supported by PC and Mac.
- A VLC media player to watch your video
Once you have all the necessary materials, it's time for an A-Rippin & # 39;
How to rip a DVD with MakeMKV  Whether you use a PC or Mac or rip a Blu-ray or DVD, this process is the same for everyone. Download and install MakeMKV first. Then open the application as soon as you're done. The app will say "MakeMKV BETA" above – ignore this and insert your DVD or Blu-ray into the drive. Once the program recognizes your CD, click on the large CD drive icon to begin. Theoretically, this process could also remove copyright protection from a disc, but that's not something we approve or encourage.
After you select your disc, MakeMKV returns a list of chapters and segments that you can copy. To rip only the movie itself and not extras or bonus material, just select the movie chapter or segment (usually the longest title or file) and deselect all other boxes. Next, determine an output folder in which to end the file after it has been ripped. When you are all ready to go, click on the "Make MKV" button on the right. This process can take anywhere from two minutes to half an hour, depending on the specifications of your computer and the size of the file, but when done, you should have a nice big MKV file in the specified folder.
In some cases, you do not even need to convert this file because MKV files are compatible with the desktop and mobile versions of VLC and the Plex media server. If these are your primary methods of watching videos from your library, you can stop here. Nevertheless, it may be advisable to convert these files to save disk space. In particular Blu-ray files are usually massive. Therefore, you should use a transcoding program to minimize the file size and / or play the file on multiple devices.
A Note on 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray Discs
If you want to rip a 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray Disc file, it is possible but we are still in its infancy, therefore it is not easy. First, you may need a special 4K Blu-ray drive to rip discs, and there may be some extra steps, such as: For example, creating a text file containing the decryption keys. For more information about copying 4K Blu-ray Discs, visit the MakeMKV Forums.
How to transcode with Handbrake
After ripping, you have a large file that needs to be transcoded for use on different devices. Before transcoding, it's a good idea to make sure your video is OK – use VLC (if you do not have it, get it for free here) to play the file.
Install and open HandBrake (which you can access here for free), click Source in the upper left corner and find the file you just ripped.
Now you can decide where to watch your video. The developers of the app have already created presets for many products. There are several options for Apple and Android devices, as well as PlayStation and Xbox game consoles and multiple streaming devices. You can also change these presets and save them under new names or create custom presets. If you select one of these presets, all settings are automatically adjusted as you like.
You can also use HandBrake to resize files. For example, if you have a huge MKV file, you can choose a preference under the Matroska subset (MKV stands for Matroska Video) and run the program to shrink that file.
If you perform a transcoding Blu-ray Disc, the process works in the same way, but you should choose different settings to avoid unnecessary compression and to preserve the video quality. For DVDs there is no reason to choose a resolution over 480p; This only increases the file size without increasing the quality. For Blu-ray discs, choose between 720p and 1080p. To save space, we recommend selecting 720p for everything that is not required in Full HD. For videos with more visual content, it's probably worth choosing 1080p.
In general, the Preset "High Profile" – in the Legacy subgroup – is a good starting point if pass-through audio codecs are selected (choose an HD audio option) for lossless if that's your bag) and a constant quality value from RF 18 or so; This is mostly personal preference, so you should experiment to find out what works best.
Select a target file, play around with the options until you have everything right, then click Start. This part will take a while, so sit back, relax and let HandBrake do his thing. Once the process is complete, you'll have a shiny new file ready for playback on your selected device. This process is also repeatable; If you have several different devices, you can simply change the presets and re-run the program for the same DVD or Blu-ray (as long as you have selected a new destination so as not to overwrite the previous result).
That was & # 39; s! You have successfully ripped and transcoded a DVD or Blu-ray Disc. Now consider either a media server like Plex or your favorite media player software.