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More than 5 million people with convicted crimes will not be able to vote in this year’s election, according to the advocacy group



That is approximately 1 in 44 adults who are excluded from the vote because of a current or past conviction of a crime. Even if half of the US states have changed their laws and guidelines in the last 25 years to expand voting rights, the project says.

“The foundation of any democracy is the right to vote,” said the project’s executive director Amy Fettig in a statement. “Laws banning people from voting have for decades destabilized communities and families in America by denying them a vote in determining their futures.”

Other states restore the rights of offenders after imprisonment, or after parole or parole after imprisonment. In some states, people with convicted crimes can indefinitely lose their voting rights for some crimes, according to the NCSL.

The Sentencing Project study found that about three-quarters of people denied voting live in their communities either have completed their sentences or are on parole or parole.

And whoever is allowed to vote has a lot to do with the people in power.

“It is clear that differences in criminal justice are linked to differences in political representation,”

; the project said.

The Sentencing Project is a nonprofit that conducts research to promote reform in condemnation policy, eradicate unfair racial differences and practices, and advocate alternatives to incarceration.

What these populations look like

After the project:

About 1 in 16 African American adults are disenfranchised. The rate is roughly 3.7 times higher than that of non-African Americans of voting age.

Disenfranchisement rates for African Americans also vary by state depending on the project.

“In seven states – Alabama, Florida, Kentucky, Mississippi, Tennessee, Virginia, and Wyoming – more than one in seven African Americans is disenfranchised, twice the national average for African Americans,” it said.

More than 560,000 Latinx Americans are excluded from voting. That’s a conservative estimate, the project says, as ethnicities are unevenly reported among the prison population. At least 34 states disenfranchised Latinx adults more than the general population, the project said.

Over 1.2 million women are disenfranchised, said the project.

More people locked in southern states

Crime disenfranchisement rates are highest in the southern states, where electoral restrictions were introduced during the Jim Crow era aimed at limiting the political power of black men.

Courts are supposed to protect the right to vote.  Why aren't they?

In Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee, 1 in 13 people – more than 8% of the adult population – are disenfranchised.

In Florida, more than 1.1 million people are excluded from voting. The state remains the “leader of the nation’s disenfranchisement in absolute terms,” ​​says the project.

A November 2018 constitutional amendment passed by voters in Florida allowed most people who had completed “all prison terms” to vote with a few exceptions.

Only half of the registered voters expect the result to be known within a day or two of election day
However, the state remains in litigation over a bill passed by Republican lawmakers requiring residents with convicted crimes to pay all their debts in court before their voting rights could be restored. Activists require criminals to pay off their debts before restoring their civil rights, as if collecting an election tax.
A federal judge ruled earlier this year that the state’s “pay-to-vote” system was unconstitutional. “
However, the 11th US Court of Appeals overturned that decision last month. The law, wrote Judge William Pryor in a majority opinion, is not an election tax.

Instead, he wrote: “It promotes the full rehabilitation of returning citizens and ensures full satisfaction of the penalty imposed for the crimes that have forfeited the right to vote.”

CNN’s Rebekah Riess and Fredreka Schouten contributed to this report.


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