Answer: Mortal Kombat
Mortal Kombat was the first release in the long-running fighting game series Mortal Kombat and is notorious as well iconic thanks to its influence on industry and the surrounding culture.
Following its release in 1
The game was released on the Sega Genesis and Super Nintendo Entertainment System (SNES) platforms, but sales on the Sega system surpassed sales on the SNES by a margin of 5 to 1. Sega had made no effort to censor the game, and Nintendo stuck to a strict censorship policy of minimizing blood and disgusting content in their games.
The protest against the violence in the game finally reached public exclamation and from the end of 1992 to 1993 there was a hearing on violence in video games. One of the consequences of this hearing was the development of the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB). Whenever you see a rating tag on the corner of a video game box, you can see the work of the ESRB.
The irony of the rating system is that it ultimately leads to more violent video games. Nintendo, one of the biggest names in gaming, decided that introducing a rating system enabled parents to make effective decisions about the content their children consumed and decided to relax their censorship and violence policies video games. As a result, more video games with the very violent and offensive content that had inspired the congressional inquiry (and subsequent rating system) flooded the market.
When Mortal Kombat II came out, the uncensored SNES version could easily compete with the Sega Genesis version.