Followingthe Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is scheduled to launch the Chandrayaan 2 mission this Sunday to land at the Moon South Pole as the first nation. Fittingly, the landmark mission will launch a few days before the the first moon landing with crew of humanity. No humans are deployed on India's mission, but Chandrayaan-2 wears three moon exploration robots that can observe the moon from both surface and sky.
The launch is currently scheduled for Sunday, July 14, at 14:21. PT and will be held at Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota, north of Chennai. The payload of Chandrayaan-2 consists of a lunar orbiter, a lunar lander and a lunar rover and is launched on the rocket GSLV Mk-III developed by ISRO. This rocket is about half the size of the SpaceX Falcon 9 and puts Chandrayaan-2 into a so-called "Earth Park Track" before the module uses its own power to expand its orbit and finally position itself for a lunar rendezvous. 19659006] How can you track the launch of Chandrayaan-2?
Want to pursue the historic mission? India Today reports that ISRO will do live streaming on its social media sites. That means you should be able to track it on ISRO-Twitter or on the agency's Facebook page. According to the report, India's public broadcaster Doordarshan will also broadcast a live stream on its YouTube channel.
We will update this post with the live broadcast, which is about to start.
Why is this mission called Chandrayaan-2?  This is the sequel to Chandrayaan-1, an ISRO mission launched 11 years ago with only one lunar orbiter. This orbiter reached the moon on November 8, 2008 and then fired an impact that hit the South Pole. The material ejected from the subsurface allowed ISRO to discover lunar ice, a valuable resource that could enable future exploration. Chandrayaan-2 will try to build on this monumental discovery from the ground up.
When will Chandrayaan-2 reach the moon?
Provided Chandrayaan-2 starts on time, it is expected to reach the moon on September 6th. 2019. If it succeeds in landing on the surface, India will be the fourth nation to make a soft landing in history after the US, Russia and China, which currently have the Chang'e 4 Rover..
Lander and Rover head for the Moon South Pole to explore a scientifically important region that is proven to contain water ice. The Lunar Module, known as "Vikram," and a rover known as "Pragyan," will open stores in the south, far further than any previous mission to the moon. The proposed landing site lies between two craters, Manzinus C and Simpelius N.
A video of all lunar landing sites – and Chandrayaan-2's proposed endpoint – is below:
All three of ISRO's robot researchers have different lifetimes and will try to achieve important scientific goals in their limited time exploring the moon. One of the most important goals is the ability to understand the composition of the moon and thus better understand its origin and evolution.
There are 12 payloads on board, including five on the orbiter and the lander, and two on the rover. The lander is operated only for a single lunar day (two weeks on earth). NASA is also using a laser retroreflector on the lunar lander, a device with which the distance between the earth and the moon can be measured.
The orbiter will operate in a circular orbit around the poles for one year, and radar and radar equipment will carry spectrometers to study the lunar surface and the exosphere. Above all, these instruments should enable a better understanding of the water ice deposits of the moon. A map camera also provides a 3D map of the terrain.
The Sun and AI-powered Pragyan Rover crosses the lunar surface at a speed of 1 centimeter per second and carries instruments that can assess the molecules present on the Moon.
Originally posted on July 10
Updated on July 12: Adds how to watch information