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Stimulus check: who counts as dependent on your taxes and how much money could you get?


If you claimed dependents on your 2019 tax return, you should have received $ 500 per dependent in the first round of stimulus checks.

Sarah Tew / CNET

The rules for those who have qualified as dependent for the first stimulus test Were Restricted: Americans with dependents aged 16 and under received an additional $ 500 on top of their total payment. When the White House and the Democratic negotiators agree on another Coronavirus relief billThere is a good chance loved ones can again increase your family’s amount for a second examwith some changes. (Find out How old do your relatives have to be to receive their own stimulus check here?.)

But how does Congress define an addict, what do addicts have to do with your tax return, and who might be excluded? This is where it gets tricky, but we’ll break down what you should know and how to find answers.

It is still unconfirmed who would or would not be eligible – and it will remain so – until a second stimulus review is approved, either by Compromise on another billor an executive order. If you have at least one addict and a new stimulus test occurs, it may mean you conceive more than $ 1,000 by check, direct deposit or Economic Impact Payment Debit Card.

Read on for everything you need to know to find your loved one on your tax return, and how that can affect the amount you would get with a second boom. (So ​​you claim $ 500 to your loved one with an IRS back-up payment.)

Who does the government count as dependent?

For tax purposes, a dependent can fall into two categories: a qualified child or a qualifying relative. They don’t have to be children or be directly related to you, but they do need to meet certain requirements from the IRS.

To claim a qualified child as subject to your taxes, they must either be under 19 or under 24 at the end of the calendar year. However, if your child is labeled “permanently and completely disabled” by the IRS, you can claim them to be dependent regardless of their age.

To claim a qualified relative, be it a child or an adult, as a dependent, they must meet other IRS criteria. This may include an elderly relative who will rely on you for care.

Even if a loved one was claimed on your tax return, they may not have been eligible to receive money from the first round of stimulus checks due to the requirements of the CARES Act. However, it is likely that some requirements will change when a different invoice is submitted.

Where can I find out how many relatives I have listed on my tax return?

If you filed tax in 2018 or later, you can find your loved ones on Form 1040 (US Individual Income Tax Return). In the middle of the first page, you’ll see a box labeled Dependents. There your loved ones will be listed along with their Social Security number, their relationship with you, and whether they are eligible for a child tax credit or other loved ones credit.


Find your dependency on your 2019 Tax Form 1040.


How much money could I get for my loved ones if a second incentive payment is approved?

The first boom under the bipartisan CARES bill passed in March included $ 500 for dependents 16 and under. According to the Tax Foundation, there was no limit to the number of children who could be considered dependent as long as they were 16 years or younger and claimed by the taxpayer on their tax return.

As another stimulus package has not yet been passed, we do not know exactly how much money would be made available for relatives. Under the Republican support HEALS ActYou would get $ 500 per loved one with no limit on the number of loved ones who could receive that money. The Democratic-Backed Heroes Act gives you $ 1,200 per dependent for up to three people. Both bills would provide for these payments to dependents regardless of age, including college students and adult dependents, including potentially elderly relatives, who depend on you for care.

The amount of money you would get on a second stimulus payment depends on yours adjusted gross incomewhich you can also find on your taxes. Check out our story how to calculate how much money you could get in a second check.

What if I now have more relatives than in my last tax return?

If a child was born in 2020 or was taken into your family and therefore is not listed on your 2019 tax return that you filed that year, you can claim it on your 2020 tax return in order to claim those from sometime in 2021 Receive $ 500 contingent incentive payment under the CARES Act This would likely be the case if a second stimulus test is also approved.

You can also use this tool from the IRS to find out if you can claim a child or other relative as dependent on your taxes.

Look at that:

Senate leaders argue about “thin” stimulus packages


How does it work if I am divorced or legally separated from my spouse and share custody of a dependent?

A child can only be claimed as dependent for one taxpayer for a tax year. As a rule, the child is considered to be dependent on the caring parent – the parent with whom the child lived for a long period of time during the year, even if the financial support came from the other parent. However, this is not always the case. You can find more information about the IRS here.

What if my spouse and I share a child but file taxes separately?

In this case, a child can still only be claimed as dependent on a tax return in one tax year. To find out who should claim the child upon return, read the IRS information on the Qualified Child of More than One Person.

What if my loved one dies?

If a dependent was listed on your most recent tax return but has since passed away, you likely still received the additional $ 500 and that would be included in a second stimulus payment. However, a payment to someone who died prior to receiving it should be returned to the IRS. You also can’t claim a stillborn child as a dependent, according to the IRS.

More information can be found here if you are qualified for a second stimulus test and when you can expect a second stimulus check. If you haven’t received an initial stimulus check, you can Track the status of your stimulus check, learn How to report your missing check to the IRS and find possible Reasons why your stimulus check has not yet arrived.

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