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Take photos that are always in focus



One of the common problems photographers face is focusing. It is always annoying when you think that you took a good picture on the spot and then go home to find that the subject is a bit blurry. So make sure your photos are always in focus.

The focus is extremely important for photographing. It is a big part of taking sharp pictures and a way to guide the eyes of the beholder. People are automatically drawn to the sharp areas of an image. If you miss the focus, something subtle will look wrong, like in this setting of mine.

I messed up and focused on the guy's hands. I love this attitude otherwise, but unfortunately I can only use it as an example of my mistakes because the focus is off. Make sure you do not do the same thing.

Select the correct aperture.

Focus and depth of field are related. The greater the depth of field, the more the image is displayed sharply. This means that the iris is a big part of the focus – or really, a big part of the focusability.

Photojournalists and street photographers have a maxim: "f / 8 and be there". In other words: at f / 8 with a normal lens: As long as you do not focus on the background or the extreme foreground, everything in your shot is in focus.

Conversely, if you have one With a long lens and a large aperture of about 1: 1, the depth of field can be only a few inches. We looked at this in detail in my article about focusing with large-aperture lenses.

If you want your image to be in focus, you need to choose the correct aperture for the job. If you do not need to use a large aperture for exposure or exposure, you should choose between f / 8 and f / 16. It makes things infinitely easier. If you need to use a large aperture, go straight ahead. You just have to work harder to get sharp pictures.

RELATED: Focusing with Wide Aperture Lens [19659011] Decide Whether You Want to Use Manual or Auto Focus

Both manual and autofocus offer advantages, especially if you want to controlling the autofocus, as we advocate here at How-To-Geek. In general, autofocus should be used by default unless:

  • You photograph with a tripod and you want to focus at a specific distance, not at a specific point.
  • They photograph the stars.
  • For the autofocus of your camera, it is too dark to reliably find the focus.
  • You're doing a setup action photo and want to focus on where everything is going to happen.
  • They focus on something like a grass field, a tree, curtains, or anything else that could throw autofocus.
  • Autofocus failed.

I love the manual focus and often use it for landscapes, but most of them are too slow the time.

If you focus manually …

If you choose manual focus, we have an article that guides you through the right path. You can use the live view screen of your camera and zoom in 10 times (or as far as you can zoom in). In this way, you can ensure that the smallest details are clearly displayed.

RELATED: Focusing the DSLR or Mirrorless Camera Manually

When Using Auto Focus … [19659005] If you use autofocus, you still need to make a few more decisions to meet. You must decide which focus point or combination of auto focus points to use and which auto focus mode to use.

Your camera gives you the ability to focus on a single focus point, a group of them, or the entire autofocus sensor. In general, a small group of autofocus points offers the best balance, as you can place them over the subject and let the camera do the rest without worrying about focusing on something random in the background.

You should use a single focus point if you are photographing with a wide-aperture lens and need a specific object to focus on, such as the subject's eye or a small bird in a tree.

You should use this The entire autofocus sensor, if you need to be flexible, like in street photography. If you're not sure where your next subject will be, you can let the camera decide on a different focus point for each shot. This is especially effective if you use an aperture of f / 8.

For more information on auto focus points, see our guide to get the most out of autofocus.

RELATED: How to get the most out of autofocus with the camera

You also need to decide which autofocus mode to use. The three options are:

  • Single AF (One-Shot AF or AF-S) that finds focus remains locked.
  • Continuous autofocus (AI Servo or AF-C) constantly trying to find the focus. 19659014] Hybrid autofocus (AI focus or AF-A), which behaves like a single autofocus until the subject moves, and then like a continuous autofocus.

I recommend using Continuous Autofocus and Auto Focus, but this is an advanced trick. If you're just starting out, hybrid mode is the easiest and most flexible way to use it. If you know you're shooting subjects that are constantly moving, switch to burst. If you're shooting landscapes or other subjects that can not be moved quickly, you can switch to single shots.

When using autofocus, sometimes your subject may not fall well below the desired focus point or group. In this case, use the single-focus mode, placing the subject just below the focus point you are using, press the shutter button halfway to focus on the subject. Press and hold the shutter button halfway to save the focus, and then reset the picture and press the shutter button all the way to take the picture.

Check After You Shoot

Focus is one of the few things that you can not really fix at home. It does not matter if you have missed the focus just a few inches, with a blurry image you probably will not be able to do much. This means that you need to retrieve the photo locally.

Take a few minutes to review the photos you took on your camera's screen. If there are photos where you used a large aperture or missed the focus for some other reason, zoom in to 10x and check; The screen is too small to be safe without having to zoom in. If the photo is not clear, you can always take the photo again. If so, then you know you are safe.


Being able to focus reliably is an important skill photographers have to master. Even in difficult situations, you need to be able to take the photos you want home.

Picture credits: Canon.


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