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To set up a smarthome without a cloud



  A hand using smarthome controls on a smarthphone.
Weedezign / Shutterstock

The simplest smarthome technology uses the cloud to do the heavy lifting. But that means you give up your privacy. And when the company closes, your smarthome also joins. Follow these steps to bypass the cloud in your smart home setup.

Why a locally controlled smarthome?

<img class = "wp-image-440402 size-full" data-pagespeed-lazy-src = "https://www.howtogeek.com/wp-content/uploads/201
9/09/smart-light- smartphone-power-button.jpg.pagespeed.ce.yOAV86mTLS.jpg "alt =" A hand that uses a smart light controller on a smartphone -rich and bring along some nice things, but they also have drawbacks.

First, you have to give up a bit of privacy – Google, Amazon, Apple, and even Microsoft language assistants recorded everything you said to them, and often sent those records to people for review, even though Google, Amazon, and Apple took steps to Microsoft has not changed anything yet to address these concerns: some cloud devices are also recording their activities, manufacturers are using the information to improve systems, but in some cases selling your anonymized data.

Second, your devices will not work anymore, if the corporate cloud, the Your Smarthome technology powers, closes, or gives up the Smarthome category. [19659008] Exactly this happened with the Lowe's Iris and Revolv Hubs. Likewise, Best Buy recently announced it was closing the Insignia Smarthome line. Insignia smart plugs, cameras and light switches do not work anymore. And if you have an Insignia Smart Wi-Fi Freezer, it will soon be just a freezer.

If you build a locally controlled smart home, you can work around all these issues. Your data does not leave your home, and even if a manufacturer quits, your devices will continue to work.

Note, however, that creating a locally controlled smart home is not for the faint-hearted. But here's what you need to do to get the cloud to the curbside.

Start with a locally controlled Hub

  Hub Hub, Z-Wave Adapter, and Box.
Hubitat

Every smarthome needs a brain to power it. Unfortunately, these "brains" spend most of their time in the cloud. For example, Wink and SmartThings offer hubs with some local control, but for some functions, they still access the Internet.

Fortunately, you have other options, such as Hubitat, a fully locally controlled hub. Every command that you send to it or to the automation you set up is executed locally. Another advantage of Hubitat is the ready-made system. The downside is that setup creates automations that resemble complicated router interfaces.

Home Assistant is your own hub solution. With this option you get exactly the smarthome you want with all the features you want. However, you must do everything yourself, including creating the hub from a Raspberry Pi.

Of these two options, the Home Assistant user interface is more sophisticated, while Hubitat's setup process is more user-friendly.

Other options, eg OpenHab offer similar functions. In any case, you should expect to run more setups than with a cloud-friendly hub like Wink.

Also, be aware of which options you enable – when you connect to a cloud service, all of your smarthome data will be displayed and will go to the cloud.

Switch to Z-Wave or ZigBee devices.

  The ZigBee and Z-Wave logos.
Z-Wave, ZigBee.

Now you have a local hub Need devices to power your smart home. All Wi-Fi-based plugs, lights, locks or switches must go. Most Wi-Fi smart devices connect to a cloud service to work, even if you use them with a hub.

Use either Z-Wave or ZigBee devices instead. What you choose is up to you, but more similar than different.

Z-Wave devices typically transmit with greater range, allowing you to place devices farther apart. ZigBee devices create larger mesh networks. So if you have a lot of them, the distance is not a problem. Be sure to choose a protocol and stick to it as much as possible.

You can purchase Z-Wave or ZigBee lights, switches, plugs, locks, and more.

RELATED: ZigBee vs. Z-Wave: Choice Between Two Major Smarthome Standards

Voice Assistants by Ditch

  An echo, a Cortana spokesman, and Google Home
Josh Hendrickson

Voice assistants are among the most convenient ways to control your smarthome. Regardless of whether you use Google Home or Amazon Echo, include the cloud. What you say can end up on the company's servers, even if you let Google unsubscribe.

Even with the opt-out option, you continue to use the cloud, and your voice is always routed to the company's servers. If the goal is to break the cloud, that's not good enough. Unfortunately, we can not recommend a working local language assistant because at least some of them use the cloud.

Giving up the convenience of voice control may seem difficult, but you have another option: automation. [19659013] Automating Everything

  Hands with a Smart Home Automation on an iPad
Stanisic Vladimir / Shutterstock

Without a language assistant, you need another way to control your smart home. With your hub, you can control everything in one app. However, this is not always practical, especially if you have younger family members who do not have smart devices.

That's alright. If you use a locally controlled Z-Wave or ZigBee hub, you can enable the super power of your smart home-automation. Automation lets you turn the lights on and off when you enter or leave a room. You can switch on your electric blanket when you go to the bedroom on a cold night. And your smarthome can turn itself off when nobody is home.

The most expensive and challenging part of this project is to set up automation. First, you need a variety of motion, temperature, contact, and water sensors. Expect to spend $ 30 to $ 60 per sensor. And since you probably want to automate your entire home, you need more than one sensor.

After you've equipped your house with sensors, you'll need to get to know the Automation Engine of your chosen hub next. The basic requirement is usually "if this, then the" conditions. When the bathroom sensor detects movement, turn on the light. If the living room is empty for more than 10 minutes, turn off the Smart Plugs.

If you know the rules, some hubs (like Hubitat) can run more complicated scenarios. For example, you can combine conditions such as the time of day and whether someone is in the room before the hub turns on the floor fan.

The ultimate goal is a smarthome that anticipates your needs and works proactively as opposed to voice commands.

It takes some effort to put together a completely locally controlled Smarthome. You may also need to buy new components, learn new rules, and give voice commands. However, you have complete control over your data and a smarthome that works just the way you want it. The process is expensive, but could be worthwhile in the long term.


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