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Two new ways to reduce Alzheimer's risk



With increasing age, the fear of Alzheimer's or other dementias can increase. Approximately 5.7 million people in the US are currently suffering from dementia, and as the population grows, experts predict this in sobering statistics. So, you probably already know that a heart healthy diet is a brain-healthy, regular exercise can help you dodge this scourge, and staying socially active can also reduce your chances of becoming a statistic.

So, what else can you do? Recent research suggests that you could also focus on two other areas: the state of your dental health and the reduction or elimination of certain medications known as anticholinergics, if possible. So far, experts have demonstrated neither cause and effect between gum disease and Alzheimer's disease nor between the intake of anticholinergics and brain disease, but both issues should be addressed necessarily.

Two Recent Study Results

Gum Disease and Your Brain ̵

1; A bacterium known to be involved in periodontitis or gum disease (which causes inflammation and bleeding when brushed) may, according to a recent study increase Alzheimer's risk. This time, the scientists examined the brain tissue, spine and saliva of Alzheimer's patients and found evidence of the pathogen known as P. Gingivalis increases the risk of dementia . A toxic enzyme derived from P. gingivalis, gingipains, was found in 96% of brain tissue samples examined; higher values ​​were found in patients with Alzheimer's symptoms.

The researchers, who this time worked with animal experiments, confirmed that P. Gingivalis can get from the mouth to the brain and the toxic enzymes can actually destroy brain neurons.

Even this latest study can not prove the connection. However, the results of this recent study are consistent with previous findings by others, according to the American Academy of Periodontology. Increased risk of dementia, says dr. Carol Coupland, a professor of medical statistics in primary care at the University of Nottingham. He led a study in which these drugs were studied – for example, some antihistamines, antidepressants, drugs for gastrointestinal problems and bladder problems.

The drugs block acetylcholine, which is critical for regulating the muscles and controlling the messages sent to the nervous system.

The team did not focus on more than 58,000 patients with dementia diagnosis and more than 225,000 control patients with dementia diagnosis. They found that the risk of dementia increases when people take anticholinergics. Prolonged exposure and higher doses increased the risk more.

Depending on the dose and duration of use, there was a 6 to 49% increased risk of dementia, "says Copland. However, while the study suggests a context, "this is inconclusive and the relationship may be due to other factors." For example, depression may precede dementia and then the anticholinergic is prescribed for treatment. [19659026] Action Steps

You should not do the following, says Coupland. "It's important that readers taking these medications do not suddenly stop them, as this can damage their health," says Coupland.

He also reminds people that these are long-term effects of the drugs, "but anyone who has concerns should discuss them with their doctor and weigh the benefits and potential risks of these drugs." suggests that "these drugs should be used with caution in middle-aged and older adults".

Joan Otomo-Corgel, DDS, MPH, FACD, Former President of the American Academy of Periodontology, Associate Clinic Professor at UCLA School The Los Angeles dentist and periodontist identifies the link between gum disease and dementia that has been noted in the other study was "quite strong," but agrees that no one has proven cause and effect.

It urges all individuals with gum disease to focus on getting rid of the biofilm – formerly known as plaque – to reduce the bacterial population in the mouth. To get rid of the biofilm, you have to know how to properly clean and use floss, she says. The aim is to prevent the adhesion of the biofilm.

"Do a good clinical exam," she says. Ask your own dentist or gum specialist which products and equipment to use according to your condition. Consider these tips from the Alzheimer's Association if you do enough to reduce the risk of Alzheimer's.

Have you improved your gum health? If so, how and what tips do you have?

Did you remove any type of anticholinergic drug with the permission of your doctor?

How worried are you about dementia and how do you reduce this stress? [19659039] Let us know in the comments!


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