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What is Windows 10 IoT and when do you want to use it?



  Windows 10 IOT Starter Pack with Rasberry Pi
Microsoft

Microsoft offers Windows 1

0 in nine different editions ranging from Home to Enterprise to Server. Windows 10 IoT (Internet of Things) is the edition that you least own but also one that you probably used more than you suspect.

Windows 10 IoT has come out of Windows Embedded

  We are talking about the Windows Embedded logo.
Microsoft

Windows 10 IoT is an evolution of an earlier Windows edition – Windows Embedded. If your memory is long enough, you can remember tales of ATMs running Windows XP that need to be updated urgently. These ATMs and other devices ran with Windows Embedded (XPe). The central concept is a slimmed-down version of the Windows operating system that would run well on less powerful hardware, run an application scenario, or do both.

A bank may use this operating system for a point-of-sale (ATM) POS system that a retailer may use, and a manufacturer may use it for a simple prototype device. However, Windows IoT is not just a renamed version of Windows to use the Internet of Things, nor is it just for businesses and large businesses. This can be seen in the two different versions of the operating system, IOT Enterprise and IoT Core.

RELATED: What is the Internet of Things?

IoT Enterprise is available for use with multiple devices

by Microsoft Windows 10 IoT in two variants, Enterprise and Core. The Enterprise version is essentially Windows 10 Enterprise, but has additional locking controls. For example, these controls let you force Windows to display a single kiosk app. Windows will continue to run in the background, but average users should not access these services. If you went to a check-in kiosk and found that the check-in app crashed and Windows 10 was displayed, you probably ran into Windows 10 IoT Enterprise.

Similar to Windows 10 Enterprise, you can & # 39; t Buy a license for IoT Enterprise in one store. Microsoft distributes reseller and OEM agreements. Since this is a full version of Windows, you have all the options that come with it, but have one major drawback: IoT Enterprise can not run on ARM processors.

IoT Core is for simple boards, solo programs and sensors

  A raspberry Pi-powered Windows IOT robot with holograms
The small wheeled hardware robot is powered by a Raspberry Pi and Windows IOT , Microsoft

IoT core is reduced in comparison. You do not get the full Windows Shell functionality. Instead, the operating system can only run a single Universal Windows Program (UWP) app and background processes. IoT Core, however, can run on ARM processors. You would choose IOT Core to run simple programs that may require less direct user interaction. For example, the glass thermostat uses an IoT core. Thanks to ARM compatibility, you can run IoT Core on simple boards such as the Raspberry Pi.

With this last feature, IoT Core is an excellent choice for fast prototypes for manufacturers or one off projects for a hobbyist. Hackster, a hardware and software development community, houses some unique IoT core examples, including a pet door with recognition function, a face recognition hatch, a Smart Dash dashboard, and a magic mirror. These are all projects that you can build yourself if you have the necessary skills. Microsoft even demonstrated a Raspberry Pi-powered robot that used Windows IOT and interacted with holograms. It provides the resources needed to download IoT Core with a free license for personal use.

Additionally, IoT Core can be paired with sensors and mechanisms such as cameras, PIR sensors, servos and temperature sensors on a Raspberry Pi or Minnowboard for extended use. This in turn allows Windows 10 to communicate the data collected by these sensors, which is the basic requirement of the Internet of Things.

Windows IoT is an option for Visual Studio developers

You may be wondering why someone would use Windows IoT instead of alternatives like Linux or Android. Most of it depends on who or what the device is for and who is doing the programming.

The benefits of open source, such as licensing and customization options, are often described as great – and they are. However, open source is not the best choice for every scenario. Occasionally, certain projects require closed-source software (or proprietary software). Some companies and governments (for better or for worse) explicitly prohibit the use of open source software when shopping. Even if a company does not prohibit open source software, it can be unofficially discouraged or disapproved. If you are a manufacturer and can work with both options, use what makes your customer happy.

However, setting aside the debate between open source and proprietary software gives some people another advantage. Windows 10 IoT integrates with Visual Studio, and you can use this IDE to develop programs for it. In fact, IoT Core is designed to run "headless" (without a graphical user interface) and connect to another Windows 10 computer for programming and feedback. If you spend most of your development in Visual Studio, using Windows 10 saves IoT instead of an alternative learning and setup time. You will be able to use your entire experience right away.

Usually, the average user will generally not download and use Windows 10 IoT, but that does not mean he will not encounter this problem. If you're not a developer, this operating system usually works for you in ways you might not even notice. It could be the kiosk you used to order food in a restaurant or prepare your next cocktail. Even if you are a developer or someone who enjoys playing as a hobby, but the idea of ​​learning an alternative like Linux is too time-consuming, Windows 10 IoT might be the best option for your next project.


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