Microsoft offers desktop and server versions of Windows. At first glance Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016 look similar, but each has different uses. Windows 10 manages many computers, files, and services.
0 and Windows Server Share Similar Code
If you load a clean copy of Windows 10 and Windows Server 2016, it would be easy to confuse the two at first. They can have the same desktop, same start button, and even the same task view button. They use the same kernel and can feasibly run the same software. You can, for instance, install Google Chrome or Microsoft Office on both.
But the similarities stop there. Microsoft designed Windows 10 for use as a desktop in front of, and Windows Server as a server (it's right there in the name). While Windows Server does have a desktop option, Microsoft recommends installing Windows Server without a Graphical User Interface (or removing it), which just reduces the overhead needed to run the server. Windows Server Includes Server Software
If you have the GUI enabled, moments after Windows Server loads, the Server Manager program launches showing the first distinct difference in the two Operating Systems. Here you can add server-specific features like Windows Deployment Services, DHCP services, and Active Directory Domain Services. These features allow deployment of OS remotely to other machines, the creation of static IP address for client machines, controlling a network domain for connecting other computers to a domain, and creating domain users. Windows Server supports features like SMB Direct for faster file sharing, more support for Resilient File System,
Windows 10 Pro for Workstations.
Servers are designed to work in conjunction as well, so you may have one server fulfilling one or two of the roles above, and another server taking
Windows Server Supports Higher-End Hardware
Windows Server supports more powerful hardware. While Windows 10 Pro has a maximum limit of 2TB of RAM, Windows Server allows for 24TB. A desktop user is unlikely to even consider a large amount of RAM, but servers may have a high RAM capacity, between managing many users, computers, and potential VMs through Hyper-V.
Windows 10 has a limit on processors as well. The Windows 10 Home edition supports only one physical CPU, while Windows 10 Pro supports two. Server 2016 supports up to 64 sockets. Similarly, a 32-bit copy of Windows 10 only supports 32 cores, and the 64-bit version support 256 cores, but Windows Server has no limit for cores.
To get something closer to those capabilities, you would have to use Windows 10 Pro for Workstations, which supports 4 CPUs and 6 TB of RAM.
Windows Server is Locked Down
Much like the LTSB branch of Windows 10, Windows Server has several features removed. Cortana, the Microsoft Store, Edge, or Timeline. Instead of Edge, Windows Server is still using Internet Explorer, and it is locked down to normal web browsing. When downloading Google Chrome, we had to add exceptions for Google's URL's to complete the download. Windows Server's extra security makes its way through Internet Explorer.
Windows Server does not support signing with a Microsoft account. Instead, you'll need to sign in with a local account or a domain account. Windows 10 Is the Familiar Desktop Experience
While Windows 10 Lacks Server -specific features, it makes up for it in other areas. Windows 10 updates arrive faster and more often, it has capabilities like Timeline and Cortana that are missing on Windows Server, and it is not as locked down. Installing new software, many downloaded from the internet, requires you to jump through it, and your preferences come with it. "
Additionally, Windows 10 has other features like Your Phone Progressive Web Apps and the Windows Subsystem for Linux. Some of these features rely on the Microsoft Store, which Windows Server does not have access to.
Windows 7 is more than Windows 7
Windows Server is More Expensive, Too
And if you have Windows 7, 8, or 8.1 keys, you can install Windows 10 for free. Windows Server 2016 licenses are not easy to buy (and they're expensive). If you are a business, depending on your size and needs between $ 500 and $ 6200. Most purchasers use a Volume License route instead.
Windows Server for Windows 7, 8, or 8.1 key. Windows is for your personal computer, your best choice is Windows 10. It's still possible to use Windows 7, 8, or 8.1 key to activate it, and the features are tailor-made for home use. Windows Server is the obvious choice.