Answer: Luna 16
Sample returns are spacecraft missions designed to collect samples of extraterrestrial materials. By far the most famous sample return mission of all time was the first sample return mission humanity has ever participated in: the Apollo 11 mission in 1969. Not only did we put men on the moon, they also brought about 49 pounds of it.
Putting people on the moon and taking a sample is a remarkable achievement, notable for the remarkable performance of the Luna 1
In addition to the first fully autonomous spacecraft to have returned an alien sample (and the third successful return mission to Apollo 11 and Apollo 12), Luna 16 was the first successful return mission of the Earth Soviet Union. It was also the indirect source of the only private possession of a lunar probe in the 20th century – in 1993, a sample from the Luna 16 mission was sold in a Sotheby's auction for $ 442,500.
Other notable repatriation missions include Stardust NASA Station A spaceship that, on its return to Earth in January 2006, was the first spacecraft to return a cometary specimen in the form of debris from Comet Wild 2's tail. In June 2010, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) reported that its Hayabusa probe returned a pristine sample of the S-Type Asteroid 25143 Itokawa.
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